Cherished for their tall verdant spikes of saucer-shaped blossoms, these annuals or short-lived perennials from the Mediterranean and western Asia have been grown in gardens since the 16th century. Each blossom comprises a large, green, white-veined calyx, surrounding a small, white or pinkish, two-petaled corolla. The calyx ages to a parchment-like texture and color. The blossoms cluster in whorls in the leaf axils of upright stems. The plants emit a pungent fragrance when bruised. Of the four species...
James H. Schutte
The fragrant foliage and showy tiered flowers of lemon beebalm are a real knockout in the summer garden. This upright "annual" may survive as a short-lived perennial for two to three years. It inhabits sandy, rocky soils across the southwestern United States. Unlike many other Monarda, this species does not spread via rhizomes but maintains a neat, upright clump.
Lemon beebalm has narrow green leaves with sparse teeth along the edges. The foliage and stems have a strong lemon spiked...
The fragrant foliage and showy tiered flowers of lemon beebalm are a real knockout in the summer garden. This upright annual may survive as a short-lived perennial for one to two years. The subspecies austromontana inhabits sandy, rocky streamside soils in the uplands of New Mexico and Utah. It is clump-forming, upright and does not spread by rhizomes, unlike other Monarda.
Lemon beebalm has narrow green leaves with sparse teeth along the edges. The foliage and stems have a...
(Plains Beebalm, Plains Lemon Mint, Ponymint)
A variable wildflower with tiny flowers that look like orchids, pony beebalm has fragrant foliage and obvious colorful bracts when it blooms in mid- and late summer. An upright annual that forms a multi-stemmed clump, it is native to most of the American Great Plains, Southwest, and small isolated pockets in California, Oregon and northern Mexico. It establishes in a variety of drier soils in the grasslands as well as on mountain forest edges and rocky slopes.
The medium green leaves are narrow...
This wonderful small to medium-sized annual from South Africa produces clusters of two-lipped flowers in yellow, purple, or white. The flowers often bear purple veins, yellow throats, and a bearded lower lip. The lance-shaped leaves are medium green. Many plants sold under this name are actually hybrids with other nemesia species.
This annual dislikes heat and humidity and is best in moderate temperatures, flowering nearly year round in mild climates. It prefers moist rich soil and lots of sun....
(Angelart™ Orange Nemesia, Nemesia)
Nemesia is a wonderful annual Native to South Africa that produces small clusters of lipped flowers in every color except green. Nemesia is intolerant of heat and humidity an is best used as a cool season annual is hot, humid climates, or as a summer annual in cooler climates. It prefers a consistently moist, rich soil and lots of sun. It is very versatile, and makes an excellent addition to any border, bed, or container, makes a good bulb cover in the right climate, and even does well in rock gardens....
Nemesias are wonderful small to medium-sized annuals or perennials from South Africa. Most produce clusters of cheerful two-lipped flowers that often have contrasting throats, beards, or veins. Plants in the Angelart™ Series bear an abundance of sweetly fragrant flowers in colorful shades of pink, red, purple, and orange (with a white selection thrown in). The compact bushy plants have toothed oval medium-green leaves.
These annuals dislike heat and humidity and are best in moderate temperatures,...
James H. Schutte
(Baby Blue Eyes)
Few garden annuals are American natives, but this little baby-blue-eyed gem is. Distributed across the American West from California up to Alaska, it is a cool season lover that tends to scorch in high heat. Native populations of this low-growing wildflower inhabit moist, sloped, open forests as well as scrub and grasslands where soil is often on the acid side.
The ferny green leaves of baby blue eyes are small, dissected and lightly hairy. Plants form low, spreading or trailing mounds and...
With evening-scented flowers of an intense bright blood red, Avalon Red flowering tobacco is a dwarf, vigorous plant terrific in containers and as edging. A hybrid tender perennial that is best grown as annual bedding plant, it will tolerate light winter frosts and may behave as a short-lived, semi-evergreen perennial in mild winter areas if trimmed back in autumn after flowering wanes.
The oblong lance-like leaves are an attractive emerald green. In summer's warmth, the rosette of leaves sends...