(Bougainvillea, Imperial Delight Bougainvillea)
The genus Bougainvillea comprises about 18 species. They are woody, scrambling, thorny vines, shrubs and small trees native to South America. The genus is named for Louis Antoine de Bougainville, a French explorer who sailed around the world in 1767 and discovered the plant in the area of Brazil. There are several commercially important species and hundreds of cultivated varieties.
Generally, these plants are evergreen but some may be semi-evergreen for a short time during winter....
(Bougainvillea, Mary Palmer Bougainvillea, Surprise Bougainvillea)
The hybrid 'Mary Palmer' bougainvillea (also known as 'Surprise' and 'Snow Cap'), a cross of Bougainvillea spectabilis and B. peruviana, is a lovely semi-evergreen vine that usually flowers multiple times across the year. The small flowers are creamy-white and are surrounded by colorful papery bracts that are coppery when young and then mature to white and vibrant shades of pink. Some bracts can have marbling of the two colors. Occasionally the plant may revert to bracts that are...
(Bougainvillea, Mary Palmer's Enchantment Bougainvillea)
This hybrid bougainvillea, 'Mary Palmer's Enchantment,' is a popular semi-evergreen vine that flowers multiple times during the year. The small flowers are creamy-white and are surrounded by large, papery white bracts (petal-like leaves). Its large, dark green leaves are smooth and may persist year-round, depending on temperature and soil moisture. It is a plant with reaching, vigorous, thorny stems that need room to spread and climb.
Plant ‘Mary Palmer’s Enchantment’ in full to partial sun. In...
Carol Cloud Bailey
(Bougainvillea, Miami Pink Bougainvillea, Paperflower)
The hybrid 'Mary Palmer' bougainvillea (also known as 'Surprise' and 'Snow Cap'), a cross of Bougainvillea spectabilis and B. peruviana, is a lovely semi-evergreen vine that usually flowers multiple times across the year. The small flowers are creamy-white and are surrounded and dwarfed by colorful papery bracts that are coppery when young and then mature to white and vibrant shades of pink. Some bracts can have marbling of the two colors. Occasionally the plant may revert to bracts...
(Bougainvillea, Oo-La-La® Bougainvillea)
This vivid magenta-red dwarf bougainvillea, ‘Monka,’ is among the best for a groundcover or container color in hot, dry climates. It is descended from giant vines of South America and their many hybrids, crossed to develop this small shrubby form, and others, tame enough for garens with limited space or entirely new applications such as slope stabilization.
Also known as Oo-La-La, bears dense color due not to its flowers but to modified leaves known as bracts. They are a signal that draws pollinators...
(Bougainvillea, Pink Pixie Bougainvillea)
This is a true miniature form of the huge tropical vines that are the star performers of tropical gardens. Not only is ‘Pink Pixie’ a better candidate for small, sun-drenched gardens than most bougainvilleas, it’s a popular bonsai and topiary specimen too. This is a dwarf form of the variety ‘Torch Glow,’ discovered by a California grower among a group of bougainvilleas imported from the Philippines. What makes this sun-loving dwarf so unusual is the short distance between nodes on its stems, with...
James H. Schutte
(Bougainvillea, Paperflower, Raspberry Ice Bougainvillea)
Raspberry Ice bougainvillea is a shrubby, mounding evergreen climber with short thorns and small green leaves with wavy margins. Leaves have cream to golden yellow edges, dark gray-green centers, and are tinged with red when new. Clusters of red bracts create additional color from summer to autumn or, in the dry season.
Plant bougainvillea in full sun and fertile, well-drained garden soil. Raspberry Ice bougainvillea is especially effective in hanging baskets or other containers.
Carol Cloud Bailey
(Bougainvillea, Ms. Alice™ Bougainvillea)
This gorgeous dwarf white bougainvillea offers a shrub sized for smaller gardens but they are commonly massed in larger landscapes too. These woody plants have been bred from giant vines of South America to create more floriferous garden candidates. But this plant takes it even further and asks us to rethink how we use bougies in our landscaping.
This dwarf bears snow white flowers year around adding soft and exciting looks to the garden. The color is displayed on bracts, which are modified...
(Bougainvillea, Torch Glow Bougainvillea)
This bougainvillea, ‘Torch Glow,’ stands on its own amidst the many garden bougainvilleas due to its unique, upright, shrubby form. Bougainvilleas are technically lianas, tropical shrubs with reaching stems that grow into the treetops of their jungles of origin. Yet this selection was discovered in California among a group of seedlings imported from the Philippines. Ordinary plants have fast-growing stems with widely spaced leaves. The leaves of ‘Torch Glow’ are tightly packed together on their...