Native to bogs and other damp acidic habitats worldwide, sundews are distinguished by their hairy, insect-trapping leaves, which typically occur in basal rosettes. Most of the approximately 100 sundew species are perennials or annuals; many are evergreen.
The linear to rounded, typically long-stalked leaves of these hardy to tender herbs are topped with stout, red or purple hairs, each bearing a drop of dew-like resin at the tip. The hairs snare and digest small insects. The light green to deep...
James H. Schutte
Golden-scaled fern is a medium sized, semi-evergreen fern with arching dark green fronds that have golden brown scales. It is native to Europe and southwestern Asia, eastward to the Himalayas. The fronds emerge pale green with golden brown midribs as they unroll from the central crown of leaves above the upright rhizome. At the base of each pinna (or leaflet) on the frond is a dark spot.
Alhough this fern excels with shade and moist soil, it will tolerate sunnier conditions if the soil does not...
(Golden-scaled Fern, The King Golden-scaled Fern)
Golden-scaled fern is a medium sized semi-evergreen fern with arching dark green fronds that have golden brown scales. Considered the most beautiful of this species' cultivars, it is native from Europe to southern Asia and also known as 'Cristata The King'.
Even though this fern prefers shade and moist soil, golden-scaled fern will tolerate sunnier and slightly windier conditions if the soil never dries out completely. Add organic matter to the soil when planting this fern. It makes an excellent...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Shaggy Shield Fern)
Shaggy shield fern is a semi-evergreen fern with an erect rhizome producing green fronds with dark brown scales. It is native to much of eastern Asia, from northern India eastward into China and Japan.
Like most ferns, it performs best in shade and moist soil, though once established will do well in partial sun and drier conditions. Shaggy shield fern makes an excellent addition to the woodland garden, a shaded rockery, along the edge of a bog, or in a mixed border.
Native to the moist woodlands of the southeastern United States, log fern is a semi-evergreen perennial that is typically found on moist slopes, swamps and rotting logs. The species name, “celsa”, means tall and upright, so it should come as no surprise that this fern has long, firm fronds that are held upright. These are lined with glossy, finely cut , medium to dark green pinnae, or leaflets. In summer, its fertile fronds develop round, light tan, spore-bearing “sori” that dot the undersides of...
(Crested Wood Fern)
Crested wood fern is a semi-evergreen, clump-forming perennial that flourishes in moist, swampy ground as well as moist upland soils. This woodland fern is distinguished by its upright fronds with sparsely spaced pinnae, or leaflets, which are held at a tilt along the leaf stem. It has a very broad natural distribution. Native populations can be found across the whole of the northern hemisphere from North America to Europe, Russia and other parts of northern Asia.
DDespite the epithet “cristata”,...
(Drakensberg Wood Fern)
Native to the moist mountains of eastern South Africa, Drakensberg wood fern is an evergreen perennial that is typically found growing in shady rocky nooks or upon wet rock surfaces. The green fronds are partially arching and are lined with medium to dark green pinnae, or leaflets, sometimes with bronze hints. In summer, its upright-held fertile fronds develop round spore-bearing “sori” that dot the undersides of the fronds.
Naturally found growing in the moist, weel-draining soils in rock crevices...
(Chatterbox, Giant Helleborine, Stream Orchid)
Stream orchid is a deciduous herbaceous perennial that's upright but forms loose clumps in time. This wide-ranging orchid species is native to both western North America (from British Columbia to central highland Mexico) and eastern Asia (the Himalayan, central Chinese and Japanese highlands) in distinct pockets. It grows in moist sandy soils alongside rivers, in swamps, meadow seepages or wet woodland edges from rhizomes (swollen underground stems).
The medium to light green leaves are wide...
James H. Schutte
Commonly known as horsetail, foxtail, or scouring rush, Equisetum is a genus consisting of 15-species of flowerless perennials that exist in all areas worldwide save Australasia and the poles.
Equisetums reproduce by spores borne on cone-like structures. Their erect stems are hollow and distinctly jointed often with whorls of leaves radiating from the uppermost joints. Overall, plants have a fine almost bamboo-like appearance, and most spread rapidly by rhizomes.
With a history dating back...
James H. Schutte
This ancient plant is flowerless and spreads by rhizomes. Commonly called horsetail, it is a hardy evergreen perennial that consists of fine, hollow, green stems divided by black-rimmed joints. It has a broad natural distribution and can be found growing in temperate regions throughout North America and Eurasia.
Horsetail prefers moist to wet organic-rich soil and will tolerate full sun to partial sun. It can become invasive if not properly contained or maintained and looks best in naturalistic...