Forest & Kim Starr
With origins across tropical sub-Saharan Africa and the island of Madagascar, Coffea includes approximately 90 species of broad leaf evergreen shrubs or small trees. At least three species continue to be grown commercially for their beans to produce the favorite flavorful, caffeinated, pick-me-up beverage, coffee. Arabian coffee (Coffea arabica), robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) and Liberian coffee (Coffea liberica) are cultivated on plantations; Arabian coffee...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Arabian Coffee, Coffee)
Arabian or Arabica coffee is a lovely upright evergreen shrub with graceful gray-barked branches, fragrant white flowers and fruits (drupes) that yield some of the best coffee for drinking. Native to Ethiopia but now cultivated in wooded, high-altitude plantations throughout the tropics, Arabica coffee is by far the most economically important of all coffees, accounting for as much as 80 percent of all coffee grown worldwide.
Coffea arabica has been long cultivated and enjoyed by a variety...
Accounting for only one percent of the world's commercial coffee bean production, Liberian coffee plants hail from western sub-Saharan Africa. The red fruits (drupes) bear a tough skin, making it difficult to obtain the inner beans for brewing. Liberian beans have a harsher, less flavorful taste than those of close relatives, Arabica and Robusta coffee.
The large, wide, oval, dark green leaves of Liberian coffee plants are arguably the most ornamental of all Coffea species. And there...
Michael Charters, www.calflora.net
This South African native is a tender evergreen shrub with upright stems that bear white flowers.It has short, narrow leaves densely spaced on the stems, making the plant look soft and feathery. In late spring to summer, the many small white flowers in tight clusters appear along the tips of the stems.
White breath-of-heaven should be given a neutral to acidic, moist yet well-drained soil. Provide as much sun as possible for best growth and full flowering. Average watering is sufficient in the...
Forest & Kim Starr
(Cabbage Tree, Cordyline)
A New Zealand native, cabbage tree is a fast growing woody evergreen with long sword-shaped leaves. The upper leaves are erect or arching; the lower leaves droop. Large panicles of small fragrant white flowers appear on mature plants in late spring and summer, followed by small white blue-tinged fruits. Although it can form a small palm-like tree, it is often grown as a shrub or container plant.
Cordyline grows best in deep, well-drained soil in full sun, and will tolerate alkaline soils. Use...
(Cabbage Tree, Cordyline, Dracaena, Red Sensation Cordyline)
Red Sensation cabbage tree is a fast growing woody plant native to New Zealand that can be grown as a palm-like shrub or a small tree. Its narrow, swordlike upper leaves remain erect while the lower leaves in the tip cluster droop. Panicles of fragrant white flowers appear in late spring, followed by small white or blue fruits.
'Red Sensation' is grown for its dulled purple-burgundy leaves and is often used for height and texture in annual container plantings. Cordyline grows best in deep,...
(Cabbage Tree, Cordyline, Dracaena, Red Star Cordyline)
Red Star cabbage tree is a fast growing woody plant native to New Zealand that can be grown as a palm-like shrub or a small tree. Its narrow, swordlike upper leaves remain erect while the lower leaves in the tip cluster droop. Panicles of fragrant white flowers appear in late spring, followed by small white or blue fruits.
'Red Star' is grown for its rusty bronze-red leaves and is often used for height and texture in annual container plantings. Cordyline grows best in deep, well-drained soil...