Auburn University Horticulture Department, Auburn, AL
(Eikan Azalea, Evergreen Azalea, Satsuki Azalea)
The Satsuki Azalea ‘Eikan' is a broadleaf evergreen shrub that bears large single ruffled snowy white blooms that are striped, spotted, or tinged with salmon-pink. The many funnel shaped blooms occur in few-flowered clusters in mid- to late spring. The small leaves are elliptical and glossy green. The low slow-growing plants are spreading, well branched and dense.
Prized for their large flowers and compact habit, Satsuki Azaleas descend from Rhododendron indicum, Rhododendron...
(Back Acres Azalea, Elise Norfleet Azalea, Evergreen Azalea)
The Back Acre Hybrids are a series of compact, evergreen azaleas hybridized by Ben Morrison -- developer of the Glenn Dale azaleas -- after his retirement to Pass Christian, Mississippi, in 1964. The low-growing cultivar 'Elise Norfleet' bears scarlet flowers with pink centers in spring.
Like most evergreen azaleas, this cultivar needs partial shade and moist, humus-rich, acidic soil. It works well in shade gardens and mixed borders as well as sweeping masses in foundation beds. The petite...
(Elite Rhododendron, PJM Rhododendron, Rhododendron)
One of the popular Rhododendron PJM hybrids, ‘Elite’ is vigorous growing, upright in form and blooms late in the spring. The flowers are bright lavender-pink and the foliage takes on burgundy-red hues in the winter.
Touted to be among the hardiest, easiest to grow and heaviest blooming rhododendrons, the PJM Hybrids are popular and widely planted. They are compact, evergreen and result from a cross between the North American R. minus var. minus Carolinianum...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Elsie Lee Azalea, Evergreen Azalea, Shammarello Azalea)
Azalea ‘Elsie Lee’ bears very large blooms of soft blue-lavender in the late spring. The flowers are semi-double, widely funnel-shaped and have frilly edges. The plants are low-growing, spreading and compact. Evergreen leaves are broadly elliptic, glossy and moderate yellow-brown-green when mature.
Anthony Shammarello of Euclid, Ohio spent decades starting in the 1930s selecting and testing rhododendron hybrids. He was looking for plants with exceptional cold hardiness, a neat habit and characteristics...
(Erato Rhododendron, Rhododendron)
One of the best hardy red-flowered rhododendrons, this hybrid cultivar produces large spherical clusters of brilliant garnet blooms from mid- to late spring. The wide-flaring, wavy-edged, funnel-shaped flowers have darker spotting on their upper lobes. This dense, rounded, shoulder-high shrub is densely furnished with long elliptic evergreen leaves.
Like most rhododendrons, 'Erato' prefers some shade and a highly organic acid soil that is evenly moist but well-drained. Plant it shallowly and...
Elegant soft-pink flowers cover this compact upright evergreen azalea in mid-spring. The broadly funnel-shaped blooms of 'Esmeralda' are unscented. The oval leaves are glossy dark green. This cultivar gradually forms a rounded, waist-high shrub.
The Kurume Hybrids result from some 300 years of hybridizing in Japan. Their ancestry likely includes Rhododendron kaempferi, R. kiusianum, and other Japanese species and hybrids.
Esmeralda azaleas should be planted...
(Evensong Hybrid Azalea, Evergreen Azalea, Glenn Dale Hybrid Azalea)
Bearing showy few-flowered clusters of rosy-pink flowers from early to mid-spring, 'Evensong' is one of the more than 400 named evergreen azalea hybrids developed from the late 1920s through the 1940s at the United States Department of Agriculture’s Plant Introduction Station at Glenn Dale, Maryland. The funnel-shaped blooms have red-speckled upper lobes. The spent flowers drop rather than persisting on the plant. This broad, upright, shoulder-high shrub has narrow glossy dark-green leaves.
(Everest Azalea, Evergreen Azalea, Morrison Hybrid Azalea)
Bearing showy clusters of single white blooms in mid- to late spring, 'Everest' is one of the more than 400 evergreen azalea hybrids developed from the late 1920s through the 1940s at the United States Department of Agriculture’s Plant Introduction Station at Glenn Dale, Maryland. The flaring funnel-shaped blooms have a pale chartreuse blotch. The flowers drop after fading rather than persisting on the plant. This broadly upright, shoulder-high shrub has rounded medium-green leaves.
(Catawba Rhododendron, Catawba Rosebay, Everest Rhododendron)
Introduced in the mid-nineteenth century but still valued for its hardiness, vigor, dense habit, and attractive flowers, this hybrid of Rhododendron catawbiense bears spherical clusters of pale lilac blooms from mid- to late spring. The wide-flaring, wavy-edged, funnel-shaped blooms have brown-spotted upper lobes. This rounded, medium to large evergreen shrub is well furnished with large oval glossy-green leaves.
Like most rhododendrons, 'Everestianum' does well in partial shade and highly...
David C. Royster
(Evergreen Azalea, Fascination Azalea, Harris Hybrid Azalea)
Bearing showy few-flowered clusters of large creamy-pink, scarlet-edged flowers in mid-spring, this is one of a number of evergreen azaleas introduced by James Harris of Lawrenceville, Georgia, in the 1970s and 1980s. The wide-flaring funnel-shaped blooms have wavy margins. This dense, rounded, chest-high shrub has elliptic medium-green leaves.
Harris azaleas prefer partial shade and highly organic acid soil that is evenly moist but well-drained. Plant them shallowly and mulch with pine needles,...