These succulent shrubs and subshrubs from southern Africa are valued for their handsome evergreen or deciduous foliage and their drought tolerance. The paired fleshy leaves are often densely borne along prostrate or upright branches, which may reach head-height. The rounded, mint-green to silvery-blue leaves have scalloped or toothed edges. Many-flowered umbels of nodding, bell-shaped flowers occur at the tips of long flowering stems in summer, winter, or year-round. The yellow, orange, or red blooms...
Grown for its handsome succulent foliage and its drought tolerance, this hybrid Cotyledon bears thick, blue-green, spoon-shaped leaves on fleshy stems. The paired leaves have maroon, wedge-shaped tips. The densely branched plants reach approximately knee height.
This succulent does best in well-drained soil and bright light, with protection from scorching midday sun. It prefers cool dry winters. Use it outdoors in mild climates, or as a conservatory or house plant in colder climes. It...
Gerald L. Klingaman
Noted for their handsome, succulent, paired leaves, which are often arranged in striking geometric patterns, the 200 or so annuals, perennials, and small shrubs in the genus Crassula are mostly endemic to southern Africa.
Plants in this remarkably diverse genus have fleshy leaves and stems rich in specialized water holding cells that grant exceptional drought resistance. Plant habit ranges from creeping to upright. Most crassulas grown today are small species suitable for containers....
A variable evergreen succulent found over a wide area of southeastern Africa, this low-growing perennial produces rosettes of fleshy, oval to lance-shaped, green or gray-green leaves that often have red spots, margins, or suffusion. Sparsely branched stems crowded with four-ranked leaves emerge from the rosettes in spring or early summer. The stems may be upright or prostrate, and the leaves hairy or smooth. Spike-like clusters of small white pink-tinged flowers appear at the stem tips in summer...
A showy-leaved cultivar of a an evergreen succulent from southeastern Africa, this low-growing perennial produces rosettes of fleshy, narrowly oval, bright green leaves that turn orange and scarlet in hot dry weather. Lax, sparsely branched stems emerge from the rosettes in spring or early summer, bearing four-ranked leaves that decrease in size toward the stem tips. These leaves also turn brilliant colors as they mature. Spike-like clusters of small white pink-tinged flowers appear on short stalks...
(Klipblom, Red Crassula)
Colorful both in leaf and in flower, this succulent evergreen subshrub from coastal areas of South Africa has compact erect stems crowded with four rows of oval, pointed leaves. The leaves are often edged or tinged red. In summer and early fall, large flat clusters of starry, purplish-red flowers crown the stems. Flowers on some forms are pink or white.
This plant requires coarse porous soil, whether grown in gardens or containers. It prefers full sun, but requires partial shade in summer in...
James H. Schutte
Valued for its handsome foliage and shade tolerance, this evergreen succulent subshrub is native to extreme southeastern Africa. Its oval, fleshy, glossy green leaves are paired along upright to sprawling stems that can reach knee height. The leaves bear small milky dots along their margins. Large frothy clusters of small yellowish white flowers appear at the branch tips in late fall and winter. The fragrant blooms attact hummingbirds.
Like most succulents, this plant prefers fast drainage, whether...
(Grandfather's Watch Chain)
An excellent groundcover for frost-free gardens, this vigorously spreading, succulent, evergreen perennial is native to rocky terrain in eastern South Africa. Its sprawling stems root at the nodes, rapidly colonizing large areas. The rounded, dark green, pitted leaves are paired along the stems. They may become red-flushed in sun. Fallen leaves can root to form new plants. Branched heads of small starry pink flowers open from reddish buds in spring. After blooming, flower stalks may produce very...
(Watch Chain Plant)
This beautiful fine textured succulent has fine, elongated, procumbent stems lined with small, dense, fleshy, scale-like leaves that give it an almost moss-like appearance. South African in origin, it is adapted to high light and a very long dry season. This variety is larger than the species but is otherwise identical.
Overall, it has a spreading habit but its central stems are upright, while the peripheral stems tend to fall to the side—giving the plant a dense and tidy appearance. In cultivation...