Keith Weller, USDA/ARS
Cultivated rice (Oryza sativa) is among the 19 annual and perennial grasses that make up this genus. All are native to tropical and subtropical latitudes of Asia and Africa.
These grasses form spreading clumps of upright to lax stems furnished with long, blade-shaped, erect to arching leaves. Branching panicles of greenish flower "spikelets" appear at the stem tips, typically in summer. Each spikelet consists of a single, inconspicuous, wind-pollinated flower encased in a tough, ovoid...
An ornamental variety of the world's most important crop, 'Nigrescens' is grown not for its grain but for its handsome deep-hued leaves.
This rhizomatous grass forms spreading clumps of upright stems lined with long, slender, deep-bronze leaves. Conspicuous, arching panicles of greenish flower "spikelets" appear at the stem tips in summer. Each spikelet consists of a single, inconspicuous, wind-pollinated flower enclosed in a tough, ovoid, flat-sided husk. The spikelets ripen to pale brown....
(Prairie Fire Switchgrass, Red Switchgrass, Switchgrass)
The foliage of 'Prairie Fire' turns burgundy red in early summer, long before other cultivars turn color. It is one of numerous selections of a switchgrass, a hardy, adaptable, and ornamental perennial bunchgrass native to fields and prairies of the United States and Canada.
The blades of this switchgrass are long, narrow, densely packed and upright. It forms vigorous clumps that spread over time and become quite bushy. Large airy pinkish floral plumes appear from midsummer to mid-autumn on...
Mark A. Miller
(Opium Poppy, Poppyseed Poppy)
The bold colorful flowers and fruits of this large, fast-growing annual have been treasured by gardeners since ancient times. The papery poppy flowers come in many bright shades including pink, mauve, red and white, and the ornamental, bulbous seedpods are the source of culinary poppyseeds, which are used to flavor breads and cakes. Of obscure origin, this poppy is thought to be native to the eastern Mediterranean region.
There are legal constraints regarding this garden flower....
Carol Cloud Bailey
A large ornamental grass, tussock paspalum forms clumps of light bluish green foliage and can send up tall wispy flower spikes twice a year (or more) in frost-free regions. This warm-season perennial bunchgrass forms thick clumps, and in fertile and moist soils will aggressively spread via underground stems called rhizomes and by seed. Thus, it can be invasive, and is considered quite noxious in Australia. Tussock paspalum is native to Uruguay, Paruguay, Brazil and Argentina.
This tall plant...
(Chinese Fountaingrass, Fountaingrass, Piglet Fountaingrass)
Popular and tough, fountaingrass is an attractive perennial that makes a great addition to sunny borders. This East Asian native forms neat clumped mounds of graceful pale to medium green arching blades. From summer to fall, large feathery spikes of flowers arise from thin arching stems. These soft spikes may be cream, tan or rose-hued. The leaves and flowers of fountaingrass turn golden brown in autumn and persist through winter, but should be cut back in spring. Selection 'Piglet' is medium sized...
James H. Schutte
(Millet, Pearl Millet)
Highly valued as both a crop plant and ornamental, pearl millet is easy to cultivate, tough, and its seeds are attractive to birds. This warm-season grass is among the most ancient of the cultivated annual grains. It is believed to have originated from sub-Saharan Africa and was then taken to the Middle East and India approximately 4,000 years ago. In recent years garden-worthy purple and bronze-leaved forms have hit the market.
Millet is a broad-bladed grass with a narrow, upright habit....
(Millet, Pearl Millet)
The broad, bright green blades of 'Jade Princess' form dense clumps and create a fresh backdrop for its showy burgundy-red flower spikes. This Ball Horticultural Company introduction has a denser habit than most millets and is perfectly suited to hot, sunny garden spaces.
Highly valued as both a crop plant and ornamental, pearl millet is easy to cultivate, tough, and its seeds are attractive to birds. This warm season grass is among the most ancient of the cultivated annual grains. It is believed...
James H. Schutte
(Jester Millet, Millet, Pearl Millet)
Highly valued as both a crop plant and ornamental, pearl millet is easy to cultivate, tough, and its seeds are attractive to birds. The bronze-leaved cultivar, 'Jester', is a superb ornamental grass for hot, sunny areas in need of bold lines and color.
Millet is a broad bladed grass with an upright habit. Each plant is solitary and looks a bit like a small corn plant. The flower panicles are dense and upright and appear when summer temperatures are hot. Upright clusters of little, round millet...