About 60 species of woody, tendril-climbing vines make up the genus Vitis. These deciduous plants are native primarily to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Long cultivated, grapes are economically important fruits for juice, wine, cooking, and the table. Some are also used as ornamental plants. By far the most commonly grown is Vitis vinifera, the European wine grape.
Long flexible climbing stems with grasping tendrils clamber up and over supports; a few Vitis...
(Grape, Steuben Grape)
The classic grape cultivar ‘Steuben’ bears abundant fruit in the middle of the growing season. Its seeded blue grapes have a sweet, spicy flavor and are perfect for table eating or juice. The fruits of this cold hardy selection also resist cracking.
Plant ‘Steuben in loam or a well-draining, clay based soil that has a neutral to alkaline pH. Full sun will allow for best growth, flowering and subsequent fruiting. Like many grapes, 'Steuben' should be cane pruned before new spring growth appears....
(Red Seedless Dessert Grape, Suffolk Red Grape)
The upright vines of the grape cultivar ‘Suffolk Red’ produce firm, red, seedless eating grapes. Fruits are borne in loose clusters in the early to mid-season. The cultivar ‘Reliance’ is a superior sport of ‘Suffolk Red’.
Plant a grape in a loam or well draining clay soil that has a neutral to alkaline pH. Full sun will allow for best growth, flowering and subsequent fruiting. Like many grapes, ' Suffolk Red' should be cane pruned before new spring growth appears. Pruning allows for controlled,...
(Seedless Black Grape, Venus Grape)
The grape cultivar 'Venus' produces large, semi-seedless, black table grapes. The seeds that exist are very soft and usually eaten with the grape. Fruits develop early and mid-season and are good for juice and jellies. Vines offer very nice red fall foliage as well.
Plant a grape in a loam or well draining clay soil that has a neutral to alkaline pH. Full sun will allow for best growth, flowering and subsequent fruiting. Like many grapes, 'Venus' should be cane pruned before new spring growth...
Gerald L. Klingaman
Best known for its delicious fruit, fox grape is a hardy, deciduous, woody vine native to eastern North America. It is primarily grown for its edible grapes but also has attractive lobed leaves of rich green that turn burnished shades of orange and gold in fall. In early to midsummer it produces inconspicuous fragrant flowers followed by clusters of grapes that ripen in mid-autumn. These may be red, green or dark purple to black and are suitable for eating, juicing, jellies, and wine. There are many...
(Catawba Grape, Fox Grape)
First introduced in the mid 1800s, 'Catawba' is a red fruited cultivar of the North American fox grape; though some believe it may be a Vitis labrusca and Vitis vinifera hybrid.
This hardy, woody vine is primarily grown for its edible fruit but also has attractive rich green lobed leaves that turn burnished shades of orange and gold in fall. In early to midsummer it produces inconspicuous fragrant flowers followed by clusters of red grapes that ripen in mid-autumn. These are...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Concord Seedless Grape, Fox Grape)
Known for its delicious, seedless, deep-blue fruits, 'Concord Seedless' derives from Vitis labrusca, a hardy deciduous vine native to eastern North America. This cultivar produces bunches of firm, seedless grapes that are smaller than those of 'Concord'. Their scent and flavor are often described as having a "foxy" quality. They ripen in late summer, midway in the grape season. The fruits are "slipskin", with the outer skin freely slipping off the juicy inner flesh. Their lack of seeds makes...