White spruce is a tall evergreen conifer native to the northern United States and Canada. Broadly pyramidal when young, it becomes more columnar with age. Its cones are relatively small. Crushed needles emit a pungent, skunky smell. Many cultivars of white spruce are available, including those with smaller mature sizes or dwarfed and weeping habits.
White spruce grows best in full sun and moist, well-drained soil that is acidic to neutral in pH. It tolerates drought, salt spray, extreme cold,...
Mark A. Miller
White spruce is a tall evergreen conifer native to the northern United States and a great expanse of Canada. 'Rainbow's End' is a cultivar grown for the dense foliage; in summer, the second flushing of new needles are often colored yellow-green and boldly contrast against the older dark green needles.
White spruce likes sun and moist, well drained soil, and tolerates drought, salt, extreme cold, and other environmental stresses. It is useful for small, hedges, foundation plantings, short windbreaks...
James H. Schutte
selection of white spruce slowly forms a dense conical shrub or small tree whose irregular mossy-textured surface gives it added architectural interest. The fine needles emerge slate-blue but mature slowly to olive-green, creating a multi-colored tapestry-like effect.
This cultivar likes sun and moist, well drained soil, and tolerates drought, salt, extreme cold, and other environmental stresses. It is useful for foundation plantings, containers, hedges, mixed borders, entryways, and rock gardens.
(Black Spruce, Dwarf Black Spruce)
The dwarf black spruce, 'Nana' is a very slow-growing evergreen shrub that becomes a broad ball when mature. It is a native of northern North America, from Alaska to the northernmost reaches of the United States. This is a boreal tree species that is best in cool, moist soils.
The short needles of 'Nana' are four-sided and silvery blue-green to plain green.
Grow dwarf black spruce in full sun and neutral to acidic soil that is rich and friable but has good drainage. Amazingly cold tolerant...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Blue Spruce, Colorado Blue Spruce)
Colorado blue spruce is a medium to large pyramidal evergreen conifer native to the southern Rocky Mountains. The Glauca Group comprises all cultivars whose foliage has a bluish cast, ranging from bluish green to intense silver-blue. Their stiff needles are prickly when grasped and are pungently aromatic when crushed. Many dwarf cultivars are among this group that are always called blue spruces.
Colorado blue spruce prefers full sun and well-drained soil. Very content in cool, moist and fertile...
James H. Schutte
Grown for their handsome evergreen leaves and elegant spring flowers, these small to large shrubs or climbers are native to eastern North America, eastern Asia, and the Caribbean. Closely related to rhododendrons and mountain laurels, they associate well with those and many other acid-loving plants.
Rounded and dense in habit, these plants bear oval, leathery, glossy leaves that retain their dark green color year-round. The new leaves of some Pieris are bronze or scarlet. Upright or...
JC Raulston Arboretum at NC State University
An elegant and hardy broadleaf evergreen that offers something for every season, 'Brouwer's Beauty' is a small upright shrub resulting from a cross between Pieris japonica and Pieris floribunda. It provides ample year-round ornament with its arching to upright chains of purplish flower buds in winter, its white urn-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and its glossy deep green laurel-like leaves. The flower clusters resemble those of lily of the valley. This relatively...
Mountain pieris is a compact broadleaf evergreen that is covered with beautiful white upright flower sprays in early and mid-spring. The flower buds of this southeastern United States native are light green and are attractive in and of themselves, providing significant winter interest. Once they open, many small urn-shaped flowers hang downward from stem branch tips. The mildly glossy leaves are light green when new and fade to a dull dark green.
Mountain pieris needs a moist, well draining acidic...