Carol Cloud Bailey
A stately palm with immense fronds and a tall, shaggy trunk, this Indonesian native has long been cultivated in Southeast Asia for its sweet sap and tough fibers. A monocarpic plant, it dies after it flowers and fruits.
Borne on sturdy, fiber-coated leaf stems ("petioles"), the enormous, upright, evergreen fronds can be as long as a small bus. They cluster atop a solitary trunk that is densely thatched with gray or black burlap-like fibers and armed with thin, woody, skewer-like spines. Each...
Mark A. Miller
What a grand silvery palm! Bismarck palm is an evergreen native to Madagascar. It has a single, stout trunk and a symmetrical crown consisting of large, waxy, silver to blue-green, fan-shaped palm fronds. Its flowers are yellow and occur in the crown of foliage.
Drought tolerant and heat-loving, Bismarck palm requires full sun and does well in a wide range of well drained soil types. Too much shade and the leaves are not as silvery. Its growth and habit will be much better if given ample water...
James H. Schutte
(Blue Hesper Palm, Mexican Blue Palm)
Featuring bold beautiful evergreen leaves and a spectacular display of summer flowers, this native of Baja California and northwestern mainland Mexico is a palm for all seasons. Wind- and heat-tolerant, it grows slowly into a medium-sized, thick-trunked tree.
The huge, blue-green to silver-green, fan-shaped fronds are divided into 40 to 60 long, blade-like segments, that radiate like the spokes of an umbrella. Twenty-five to thirty fronds are borne atop the trunk on long, erect, inclined, or...
(Pindo Palm, South American Jelly Palm)
Pindo palm is an evergreen single-trunked palm with blue-green to gray-green fronds that beautifully arch downward. Native to the seasonally wet/dry regions of southeastern Brazil and adjacent Uruguay and northern Argentina, it is the most cold-hardy feather-leaf (pinnate) palm. The thin leaflets of each frond are held at an angle, making it have a V-shape in cross-section. The lower part of the frond stem, called a rachis, has small teeth. Summertime flowers are yellow, borne on short but many-branched...
Forest & Kim Starr
(Burmese Fishtail Palm, Fishtail Palm)
Named for the unusual shape of its leaf segments, this small to medium-sized, clump-forming palm from Indian to Southeast Asia is grown for its lush immense fronds. Its stems are monocarpic, each individual trunk dying after flowering and fruiting.
The enormous, arching, evergreen fronds are borne atop slender gray trunks laced with black hairy fibers. Each frond comprises numerous broad, somewhat triangular, rich green leaflets, borne in two ranks along a midrib (or "rachis"). The leaflets...
James H. Schutte
(Giant Fishtail Palm)
Named for the unusual shape of its leaf segments, this towering, single-trunked palm from upland rain forests of Southeast Asia is one of the largest and most spectacular plants for tropical gardens. A monocarpic palm, it dies after it flowers and fruits.
Borne on massive leaf stems ("petioles"), the enormous, upright or inclined, evergreen fronds can be as long as a small bus. Each frond comprises numerous broad, somewhat triangular, bright green leaflets, borne in two ranks along a midrib...
Carol Cloud Bailey
(Fishtail Wine Palm, Solitary Fishtail Palm, Toddy Palm)
Named for the unusual shape of its leaf segments, this large, single-trunked palm from India and Southeast Asia is one of the most spectacular foliage plants for tropical gardens. A monocarpic palm, it dies after it flowers and fruits.
Borne on massive leaf stems ("petioles"), the enormous, arching, evergreen fronds are arranged spirally on the upper reaches of the stout trunk. Each frond comprises numerous long, triangular, bright green leaflets, borne in two ranks along a midrib (or "rachis")....
Michael Charters, www.calflora.net
(Cycad, Horncone Cycad)
Nearly 20 species comprise the genus Ceratozamia. These slow-growing cycads have graceful, fern-like leaves. The genus name translates to "horncone." All are native to elevated tropical forest regions of Mexico and northern Central America. These ancient, cone-bearing vascular plants are closely related to conifers, such as pines, cypresses and larches. Plants in Ceratozamia are dioecious, meaning each plant bears either male or female cones, never both.
Most species develop...
(Kuster's Feather Cycad)
Bearing large, glossy, palm-like leaves on arching, spine-free petioles, this low-growing cycad makes an elegant addition to tropical gardens and greenhouses. It is a rare endemic of cloud forests in a small area of the Sierra Madre Oriental Mountains in Tamaulipas, Mexico.
The long, feathery, rich-green leaves are spirally arranged atop a short, swollen, trunk-like stem. The numerous, narrow, blade-shaped leaflets are soft and pliant when new, becoming leathery and rigid with age. New leaves...
Carol Cloud Bailey
Bamboo palms originate from the New World tropics, primarily Mexico and Central America. In a comprehensive study of this genus from 2005, researchers identified 100 species and another eight subgenera. Chamaedorea are small palms that are highly variable in form and habit. They can be tree-like and solitary, form dense, trunkless clumps or even climb. Cultivated species are either grown as landscape plants in frost-free zones or interiorscape specimens.
The leaves of Chamaedorea...