The double-flowered garden chrysanthemums in the Wilma™ Series produce masses of white or yellow blossoms on densely branched, dome-shaped, 10- to 16-inch (25 to 40 cm) plants. The 1.5- to 2-inch-wide (3.5 to 5 cm), many-petaled blooms open in early autumn, midway to late in the fall "mum" season. Wilma™ Series cultivars were introduced by Yoder Brothers of Barberton, Ohio, and are available only as vegetatively propagated plants.
The showy blooms and pungent, lobed leaves of garden chrysanthemums...
Woodstock Series chrysanthemums produce sprays of large, "anemone-type" blossoms on bushy, rounded, 10- to 14-inch (25 to 35 cm) plants. The 4- to 5.5-inch-wide (10 to 13.5 cm), single to semi-double blooms have white or yellow petals and broad, yellow-green, pincushion-shaped centers. Bloom is in autumn under "natural" conditions. Greenhouse-grown specimens can be brought into bloom at other seasons, with plants flowering approximately 8 weeks after 2 weeks of "long nights" (13.5 hours or more)....
The bouquet chrysanthemum Yellow Energy produces sprays of double yellow blossoms on long stems. They appear in autumn under "natural" conditions, but greenhouse-grown specimens will flower several weeks after 3 weeks of "long nights" (13.5 hours or more). This vegetatively propagated mum is sold by florists and other cut-flower vendors.
C. × morifolium originated in eastern Asia, where this herbaceous perennial has been cultivated and bred for many centuries. Its many cultivars...
James H. Schutte
Endive is a leafy vegetable that’s most commonly eaten fresh in salads or cooked as a green in soups and other recipes. There are two forms: Curly endive, or frisée, which has finely lobed leaves with curly edges, and the broad, smooth-leaved form called escarole. Like lettuce, radicchio and chicory, it is a member of the daisy family, Asteraceae, and is easily grown in the home garden. It is thought to be native to India and possibly Asia but has been become naturalized in Europe, Africa and South...
(Endive, Green Curled Ruffec Endive)
An heirloom variety grown since about 1860, endive ‘Green Curled Ruffec’ is noted for its tolerance to cold, wet conditions. The leaves are much divided and curled or frisée, dark green with a creamy center and have thick tender ribs. This variety is a good choice for salads as wells as cooked, either steamed or boiled. Harvest this selection about 90 days after planting.
This leafy vegetable is surprisingly a member of the daisy family along with radicchio and chicory and easily grown in the...
Big gorgeous heads with tender blanched hearts make escarole ‘Natacha’ a favorite of commercial and home gardeners. The plants are resistant to tipburn, bolting and bottom rot. Natacha is ready fro harvest 48 to 60 days from planting. This selection is great in salads or cooked.
This leafy vegetable is surprisingly a member of the daisy family along with radicchio and chicory and easily grown in the home garden. Thought to be native to India and possible Asia, endive is naturalized in Europe,...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Radicchio, Wild Chicory)
Native to Europe and the Mediterranean and naturalized worldwide, wild chicory is a clumping perennial grown for its long, lobed, edible leaves and for its stout taproot, which is used as a coffee substitute. It also has medicinal uses, and is sometimes cultivated in ornamental gardens for its flowers.
"Leaf chicories" come in several types. The bitter, dandelion-like leaves of loose-leaf chicories are good in salads (when young) or in cooked dishes. Witloof or Belgian endive bears erect heads...
Michael Charters, www.calflora.net
Canada thistle is a fierce and aggressive weed foe. Impossibly extensive, deep root systems make this one of the toughest weeds to eradicate from garden spaces. It's small, purplish, brush-like flower heads produce loads of puffy airborne seeds that float away to colonize new space, and its prickly foliage is painful to the touch. Despite the common name, Canada thistle, this species was introduced to North America from Eurasia. Its remarkable tolerance to many growing conditions means it can be...
James H. Schutte
(Arizona Grape Ivy, Ivy Treebine, Possum Grape, Sorrel Vine)
Very fast-growing and displaying attractive teethed green leaves that fall away in winter, sorrel vine is a versatile vine or groundcover. Native to the southern United States and adjacent parts of northern Mexico, it bears tendrils opposite the leaves that will clasp onto any surface that isn't glass-smooth.
The leathery, succulent green leaves are variable in shape. Usually they're three-lobed but occasional deltoid-shaped blades occur with or without lobes, but always with coarse teeth. Tiny...
(Marine Ivy, Mexican Grape Ivy, Mexican Sorrelvine)
Known as marine ivy or Mexican sorrelvine, this mostly herbaceous vine that grows from a woody stem base hails from arid northern Mexico. Naturally inhabiting salt marshes, chaparral and open woodlands, both its leaves and fruits provide ornamentation to the dry garden.
Simple or forked tendrils help the stems clasp onto trees or climb over shrubs. Evergreen only when frosts don't occur, marine ivy's leaves are smooth and dark green and dry green and papery thin. Typically each leathery and fleshy...