Chrysanthemums in the Vanessa™ Series bear masses of double purple blooms on compact, densely branched, 8- to 14-inch (20 to 35 cm) plants. These mid- to late-season mums open their 1.5- to 2-inch-wide (4 to 5 cm) blooms in early autumn. Cultivars in this series were introduced by Yoder Brothers of Barberton, Ohio, and are available only as vegetatively propagated plants.
The showy blooms and pungent, lobed leaves of garden chrysanthemums are staples of the autumn flower garden. These herbaceous...
Chrysanthemums in the Victoria™ Series bear masses of double blossoms on low, dense, mounded plants. Their pink, purple, or orange, 1.5- to 2-inch blooms appear from late summer to early fall. Cultivars in this series were introduced by Yoder Brothers of Barberton, Ohio.
The showy blooms and fragrant, deeply lobed leaves of garden chrysanthemums are familiar elements of modern gardens. These herbaceous perennials originated in eastern Asia, where they have been bred and treasured for many centuries....
The double-flowered garden chrysanthemums in the Wanda™ Series produce masses of pink, purple, or red blossoms on densely branched, dome-shaped, 8- to 14-inch (20 to 35 cm) plants. The 2- to 2.5-inch-wide (5 to 6 cm), many-petaled blooms open in early autumn, relatively late in the fall "mum" season. Plants grown under artificial conditions can be "forced" into flower at other seasons. Wanda™ Series cultivars were introduced by Yoder Brothers of Barberton, Ohio, and are available only as vegetatively...
The double-flowered garden chrysanthemums in the Wilma™ Series produce masses of white or yellow blossoms on densely branched, dome-shaped, 10- to 16-inch (25 to 40 cm) plants. The 1.5- to 2-inch-wide (3.5 to 5 cm), many-petaled blooms open in early autumn, midway to late in the fall "mum" season. Wilma™ Series cultivars were introduced by Yoder Brothers of Barberton, Ohio, and are available only as vegetatively propagated plants.
The showy blooms and pungent, lobed leaves of garden chrysanthemums...
Woodstock Series chrysanthemums produce sprays of large, "anemone-type" blossoms on bushy, rounded, 10- to 14-inch (25 to 35 cm) plants. The 4- to 5.5-inch-wide (10 to 13.5 cm), single to semi-double blooms have white or yellow petals and broad, yellow-green, pincushion-shaped centers. Bloom is in autumn under "natural" conditions. Greenhouse-grown specimens can be brought into bloom at other seasons, with plants flowering approximately 8 weeks after 2 weeks of "long nights" (13.5 hours or more)....
The bouquet chrysanthemum Yellow Energy produces sprays of double yellow blossoms on long stems. They appear in autumn under "natural" conditions, but greenhouse-grown specimens will flower several weeks after 3 weeks of "long nights" (13.5 hours or more). This vegetatively propagated mum is sold by florists and other cut-flower vendors.
C. × morifolium originated in eastern Asia, where this herbaceous perennial has been cultivated and bred for many centuries. Its many cultivars...
James H. Schutte
Endive is a leafy vegetable that’s most commonly eaten fresh in salads or cooked as a green in soups and other recipes. There are two forms: Curly endive, or frisée, which has finely lobed leaves with curly edges, and the broad, smooth-leaved form called escarole. Like lettuce, radicchio and chicory, it is a member of the daisy family, Asteraceae, and is easily grown in the home garden. It is thought to be native to India and possibly Asia but has been become naturalized in Europe, Africa and South...
(Endive, Green Curled Ruffec Endive)
An heirloom variety grown since about 1860, endive ‘Green Curled Ruffec’ is noted for its tolerance to cold, wet conditions. The leaves are much divided and curled or frisée, dark green with a creamy center and have thick tender ribs. This variety is a good choice for salads as wells as cooked, either steamed or boiled. Harvest this selection about 90 days after planting.
This leafy vegetable is surprisingly a member of the daisy family along with radicchio and chicory and easily grown in the...
Big gorgeous heads with tender blanched hearts make escarole ‘Natacha’ a favorite of commercial and home gardeners. The plants are resistant to tipburn, bolting and bottom rot. Natacha is ready fro harvest 48 to 60 days from planting. This selection is great in salads or cooked.
This leafy vegetable is surprisingly a member of the daisy family along with radicchio and chicory and easily grown in the home garden. Thought to be native to India and possible Asia, endive is naturalized in Europe,...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Radicchio, Wild Chicory)
Native to Europe and the Mediterranean and naturalized worldwide, wild chicory is a clumping perennial grown for its long, lobed, edible leaves and for its stout taproot, which is used as a coffee substitute. It also has medicinal uses, and is sometimes cultivated in ornamental gardens for its flowers.
"Leaf chicories" come in several types. The bitter, dandelion-like leaves of loose-leaf chicories are good in salads (when young) or in cooked dishes. Witloof or Belgian endive bears erect heads...