The double-flowered garden chrysanthemums in the Wilma™ Series produce masses of white or yellow blossoms on densely branched, dome-shaped, 10- to 16-inch (25 to 40 cm) plants. The 1.5- to 2-inch-wide (3.5 to 5 cm), many-petaled blooms open in early autumn, midway to late in the fall "mum" season. Wilma™ Series cultivars were introduced by Yoder Brothers of Barberton, Ohio, and are available only as vegetatively propagated plants.
The showy blooms and pungent, lobed leaves of garden chrysanthemums...
Woodstock Series chrysanthemums produce sprays of large, "anemone-type" blossoms on bushy, rounded, 10- to 14-inch (25 to 35 cm) plants. The 4- to 5.5-inch-wide (10 to 13.5 cm), single to semi-double blooms have white or yellow petals and broad, yellow-green, pincushion-shaped centers. Bloom is in autumn under "natural" conditions. Greenhouse-grown specimens can be brought into bloom at other seasons, with plants flowering approximately 8 weeks after 2 weeks of "long nights" (13.5 hours or more)....
The bouquet chrysanthemum Yellow Energy produces sprays of double yellow blossoms on long stems. They appear in autumn under "natural" conditions, but greenhouse-grown specimens will flower several weeks after 3 weeks of "long nights" (13.5 hours or more). This vegetatively propagated mum is sold by florists and other cut-flower vendors.
C. × morifolium originated in eastern Asia, where this herbaceous perennial has been cultivated and bred for many centuries. Its many cultivars...
James H. Schutte
Endive is a leafy vegetable that’s most commonly eaten fresh in salads or cooked as a green in soups and other recipes. There are two forms: Curly endive, or frisée, which has finely lobed leaves with curly edges, and the broad, smooth-leaved form called escarole. Like lettuce, radicchio and chicory, it is a member of the daisy family, Asteraceae, and is easily grown in the home garden. It is thought to be native to India and possibly Asia but has been become naturalized in Europe, Africa and South...
(Endive, Green Curled Ruffec Endive)
An heirloom variety grown since about 1860, endive ‘Green Curled Ruffec’ is noted for its tolerance to cold, wet conditions. The leaves are much divided and curled or frisée, dark green with a creamy center and have thick tender ribs. This variety is a good choice for salads as wells as cooked, either steamed or boiled. Harvest this selection about 90 days after planting.
This leafy vegetable is surprisingly a member of the daisy family along with radicchio and chicory and easily grown in the...
Big gorgeous heads with tender blanched hearts make escarole ‘Natacha’ a favorite of commercial and home gardeners. The plants are resistant to tipburn, bolting and bottom rot. Natacha is ready fro harvest 48 to 60 days from planting. This selection is great in salads or cooked.
This leafy vegetable is surprisingly a member of the daisy family along with radicchio and chicory and easily grown in the home garden. Thought to be native to India and possible Asia, endive is naturalized in Europe,...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Radicchio, Wild Chicory)
Native to Europe and the Mediterranean and naturalized worldwide, wild chicory is a clumping perennial grown for its long, lobed, edible leaves and for its stout taproot, which is used as a coffee substitute. It also has medicinal uses, and is sometimes cultivated in ornamental gardens for its flowers.
"Leaf chicories" come in several types. The bitter, dandelion-like leaves of loose-leaf chicories are good in salads (when young) or in cooked dishes. Witloof or Belgian endive bears erect heads...
James H. Schutte
Native to Russia and a large part of eastern Asia, autumn snakeroot is a tall perennial with leafed flowerstalks topped by arching racemes of white flowers in autumn. These are borne above clumps of bright green or purplish green foliage with toothed leaflets.
Autumn snakeroot prefers fertile, humus-based, well-drained soil and a partially shaded, evenly moist location. A graceful plant, it may need staking to best show off its stately form. Use it as an accent plant in a woodland garden or...
Terra Nova Nurseries, Inc.
(Black Bugbane, Black Negligee Bugbane)
Black Negligee autumn snakeroot is a tall, striking perennial with very attractive dark foliage from eastern Asia. Its leafed purple flowerstalks are topped by arching racemes of clear white flowers in autumn. These are borne above clumps of ashy dark purple foliage with toothed leaflets.
'Black Negligee' prefers fertile, well-drained soil with humus and a partially shaded, evenly moist location. A graceful plant, it may need staking to best show off its form, especially in windier locales when...
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Brunette Bugbane, Bugbane)
Brunette autumn snakeroot is a tall, striking perennial with rich, exquisite foliage from eastern Asia. Its leafed purple flowerstalks are topped by arching racemes of creamy, purple-tinged flowers in autumn. These are borne above clumps of deep brownish-purple foliage with toothed leaflets.
'Brunette' prefers fertile, well-drained soil with humus and a partially shaded, evenly moist location. A graceful plant, it may need staking to best show off its form, especially in windier locales when flowering...