James H. Schutte
(Canary Island Date Palm)
A large evergreen plant with dark green, arching leaves atop a massive trunk, Canary Island date palm is architecturally stunning. The trunk is decorated with ridges and old frond boots, often making the crownshaft resemble a large pineapple. Its fronds are pinnate (like a feather) and can have a slight blue-green or silvery tinge. Lowest leaflets on the front are stiff, vicious spines. Early summer-occurring flowers are pale yellow and produce semi-dry, yellow-red fruit. It is a native of the Canary...
Stan Shebs, USDA/ARS
A tall palm with an upright feather-duster crown of long gray-green fronds, the date palm produces large pendent clusters of the sweet edible dates of renown. The most widely grown commercial date in the United States, 'Deglet Noor' produces semi-dry fruits on tall, relatively sparsely leaved plants.
An ancient foodsource integral to the cultures of the drier regions of Africa and Asia for 5000 years, the date palm apparently originated in northern Africa and the Middle East. It is found only...
Carol Cloud Bailey
(Senegal Date Palm)
With multiple narrow, arching trunks and lush, gracefully arching green fronds, Senegal date palm is a picturesque garden specimen. Native to the moist tropics of sub-Saharan Africa, it is an evergreen that grows as a thick, impenetrable clump.
The fronds can become quite long and gently arching, bearing many glossy, mid- and dark-green leaflets. The lower leaflets are modified into brutally nasty spines, called acanthophylls, which are never forgotten once a hand reaches into the base of the...
Carol Cloud Bailey
(Pygmy Date Palm)
One of the smallest of the date palms, this native of Laos bears an arching canopy of feathery, dark green fronds with sharp spines at the lower ends. The leaves appear in a crown atop a short, relatively slow-growing trunk. It sometimes suckers to produce multiple stems. Large, dense clusters of cream-colored flowers appear in the warm months succeeded by small, oval, black edible fruits.
Pygmy date palm likes warmth, humidity, well-drained soil, and protection from hot sun. Highly alkaline...
(India Date Palm, Silver Date Palm, Toddy Palm, Wild Date Palm)
With a fountain-like, silvery crown and slender, medium-tall trunk, this native of southern Pakistan and Northwest India resembles a scaled-down Canary Island date palm.
Upwards of 100 long, slender, feathery leaves arch from the apex of the solitary trunk, which is ribbed with the diamond-shaped scars of old leaves. Each frond has many narrowly lance-shaped leaflets of gray-green or gray-blue, arranged in several planes. The lowest leaflets are modified into sharp spines. The woody bases of...
(Lady's Slipper Orchid, Orchid)
Orchids in Phragmipedium display long-lasting flowers with a bulbous pouch-like floral lip, which is why they are commonly called “slipper orchids,” just like those in the related genus, Paphiopedilum. Phragmipedium are distributed throughout from the New World tropics, from southern Mexico southward into the mountainous regions of Brazil. At the beginning of the 20th century, about ten species were identified but by the end of that century further botanical explorations...
(Golden Bamboo, Running Bamboo)
This lovely bamboo offers elegance to Asian inspired landscapes and gardens. It is native to China, primarily north of the Yangtze Valley, where summers are very hot. The name "aurea" means "yellow" and refers to the yellow-green coloring of the foliage and golden canes that offer a bright look in the garden.
Golden bamboo spreads by woody rhizomes that can travel both under and above ground. A single plant will quickly form dense stands of upright, jointed, woody stems, or culms. The stands...
(Black Bamboo, Running Bamboo)
Black bamboo looks beautiful throughout the year. Its tall, attractive green and black stems (culms) are glossy and offer vertical architectural appeal. This species has been cultivated for centuries in its native China and few wild populations are known to exist. It was first introduced as an ornamental in the United States in the early nineteenth century and has become naturalized in several southeastern states, such as Georgia and South Carolina. There are many desirable cultivated varieties to...