(Canela, Cinnamon Plant)
A cold-tender broadleaf evergreen tree with a rounded crown, canela is native to Taiwan. Its large oval leathery leaves are glossy medium green and have three obvious veins. Bruised leaves exude a faint scent of cinnamon. In late winter the branches display clusters of many small light yellow flowers. After pollination by insects, small, pea-sized green fruits appear and mature to chocolate brown.
Grow this smal tree in the landscape in frost-free locations, or as a houseplant in colder climes....
Gerald L. Klingaman
(Cinnamon, Cinnamon Bark Tree)
One of the earliest recorded spices, dating back to at least 3000 B.C., cinnamon is an aromatic plant that has essential oils throughout all its parts. A slow-growing, tropical broadleaf evergreen tree that attains a gloriously broad but rounded canopy, it is native to Sri Lanka and southernmost India. Its bark is smooth and gray-brown; the spice is dervied by stripping the tree of the brown inner bark layer and allowed to dry to the familiar orange-brown tone in stick-like quills. The unripe fruits,...
(Acre Grape Ivy)
Lacking tendrils and producing two differently shaped leaves, the Acre grape ivy also differs from other members of the Cissus genus by producing dark purple berries with large seeds. As the name reveals, this evergreen tropical vine or liana hails from northern Brazil, including the state of Acre and across the Amazon Basin.
The green leaves vary in shape depending on the stem. On branches that yield the tiny pinkish green flowers, the leaves are more triangular in shape, and other...
James H. Schutte
Given its name for its black fruits, grape ivy boasts handsomely toothed leaves that are glossy and green. A modest, climbing or rambling evergreen vine, it hails from Central and South America and the Caribbean Basin.
The leaves are trifoliate, each comprised of three leaflets that are rhombus-shaped with sparse teeth on their edges. Light bronze-green when young, the leaves mature to a deeper green and bear red hairs on their underside. In summer, unshowy, haired green flowers appear and give...
(Ellen Danica Grape Ivy, Grape Ivy)
Given its name for its black fruits, grape ivy selection 'Ellen Danica' boasts handsomely toothed leaves that are deep glossy green upon hairy stems. A modest, climbing or rambling evergreen vine, it hails from Central and South America and the Caribbean Basin.
The leaves are trifoliate, each comprised of three leaflets that are rhombus-shaped with sparse teeth on their edges. Light bronze-green when young, the leaves mature to a deeper green and bear red hairs on their underside. In summer,...
James H. Schutte
(Kangaroo Ivy Cissus, Kangaroo Vine)
The common name "kangaroo vine" fittingly traces this tropical evergreen vine to northern Australia. In its native environment, it grows in or near the rainforest. In the home and garden, it is valued for its glossy, deep green, leathery leaves that remain attractive in both sunshine and shade. It makes a trusty houseplant, tender patio specimen or tropical outdoor vine.
Pointed, oval leaves with serrated edges and prominent veins densely line the climbing stems of kangaroo vine. Nor surprisingly,...
(Dear Three Leaves, Jagged Treebine, Treebine)
A pretty tropical vine native to a wide expanse of Tropical America -- from Central America and the Caribbean into central South America -- jagged treebine bears bright scarlet flowers. It's so admired across Latin America that it carries the colloquial name of caro de tres hojas: literally, "dear three leaves."
The glossy bright green leaves comprise three pointy leaflets and are held on a jagged or grooved petiole stem that has a reddish tint. Opposite the leaves are reddish tendrils. Newly...
(Treebine, Wing Stemmed Grape Ivy)
Squared, succulent stems and pinkish red aerial roots are but a few curious attributes of the wing stemmed grape ivy. An evergreen to partially deciduous tropical vine or liana, it is native to a wide expanse of southern Brazil into nearby Peru and Paraguay. It's believed to have been cultivated and selected by native peoples and may explain why some plants do not flower to produce fruits or seeds.
The stems are squared and often show a wing-like keel. Tendrils with suction cup-like tips grow...
(Rex Begonia Vine, Tapestry Vine)
Vividly colored and patterned, the leaves of tapestry vine combine burgundy, silver, pink and green on climbing, burgundy stems. An evergreen vine very tender to cold, tapestry vine is native to southeastern Asia, particularly Indonesia.
Each leaf is an elongated dark-green heart with a burgundy underside. The leaf face is magnificently patterned with mirrored shapes of silver, gray and pink. In summer, tiny unshowy reddish-green flowers bloom and give way to small, round, dark red fruits. The...