Mark A. Miller
(Ceylon Sago, Cycad)
The Ceylon sago is a slow-growing cycad that reaches tree-like proportions. This evergreen plant is cone-bearing and closely related to conifers. It is native to the Spice Islands, much of Indonesia and New Guinea. In the wild and in cultivation it is often confused with the visually similar Cycas circinalis.
Ceylon sago has very long leaves (fronds) that are dark glossy green and feathery. They are densely clustered, ending in a leaflet pair at the tip, and lack teeth on the lower...
James H. Schutte
(Cycad, Queen Sago, Seemann's Sago)
Seemann's sago grows naturally near the coasts on southwestern Pacific islands, mimicking the look of short palm trees. Because of agriculture, this cycad is becoming less uncommon on islands such as Vanuatu, Tonga and Fiji. Its long leaves (fronds) are deep glossy green and feathery with individual narrow leaflets that are held out in a 180-degree plane. Fronds radiate from a central point at the top of a woody trunk-like stem. Newly emerging fronds are soft and flexible, and shed orange-tan fuzz...
James H. Schutte
(Cycad, Emperor Sago, Prince Sago)
Originally, this cycad species was considered to be Cycas taiwaniana, the Taiwan sago. It wasn't until 1994 with closer taxonomic investigation did botanists realize they were dealing with a separate species. It was native only to the mountains of southeastern Taiwan. This species' name comes from Taitung, the Taiwanese prefecture where it grows naturally.
The prince sago looks very much like the king sago (Cycas revoluta). The main visual differences are that emperor's sago...
(Cymbidium Orchid, Sword-leaf Cymbidium)
The compact and highly fragrant sword-leaf cymbidium was among the first grown and prized by Chinese gardeners and appeared in the record as early as 500 B.C. In its native Japan, China, Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka it can be found growing in humus rich soils along streamsides and waterfalls. Occasionally it grows on moist rocks alongside mosses and ferns.
This clump-forming orchid forms a cluster of small pseudobulbs from which rise three or four thin, sword-like leaves of light green. Actively...
Michael Charters, www.calflora.net
(Cymbidium Orchid, Finlayson's Cymbidium)
On the island of Borneo, islanders grow the spring-blooming Finlayson's cymbidium orchid near their homes to ward off evil spirits. But the non-superstitious simply enjoy this plant's long, branched flower stalks lined with scores of warm, golden brown blossoms. This tropical epiphytic or a lithophytic orchid is native to the rainforests across peninsular Southeast Asia, from Vietnam to Indonesia and the Philippines.
This large evergreen orchid grows from a clump of short, cone-shaped pseudobulbs...
(Cymbidium Orchid, Splendid Cymbidium)
Splendid cymbidium earns its name from its abundant display of waxy, pale pink blossoms with spotted lips. Native to the high elevation cloud forests of Thailand, Vietnam and southernmost China, it grows in sandy soils nestled in the shade of shrub cover. Flowering occurs over a long season from late fall to spring.
The light green, sword-shaped leaves of this evergreen, clump-forming cymbidium arise from flattened, oval pseudobulbs . Active growth occurs in spring and summer. When fall temperatures...
Lacking leaves, Indian flatsedge grows as a cluster of short, slender stems topped with a irregular, grassy, tufted head of tan flowers. An upright, clump-forming evergreen perennial sedge, this species is native to the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea.
The thin stems are medium to dark green and flattened. With ample warmth, these leafless stems develop small, clustered bronze-tan spikelets at their tops, often branching and forming secondary spikelets. These flowers are pollinated and distributed...
(Egyptian Papyrus, Papyrus)
Best known for its use in paper making by the ancient Egyptians, papyrus is a large, aquatic sedge that originates from tropical Africa and the Nile River Basin. Its bright green color and striking bold looks have made it a popular plant for contemporary aquatic container plantings and subtropical and tropical water gardens.
Egyptian papyrus is an evergreen water-loving plant that produces tall, dark green stems topped with umbrella-like sprays of long thread-like filaments. Tan spikelets...
The showy papyrus King Tut® is compact, fast-growing and will add a tropical foliar element to any border or container with moist soil. Its papyrus plumes are very filamentous, feathery and sit on strong, stout stems.
Best known for its use in paper making by the ancient Egyptians, papyrus is typically a large aquatic sedge that originates from tropical Africa and the Nile River Basin. Its bright green color and striking bold looks have made it a popular plant for contemporary aquatic container...