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ABIES alba 'Pyramidalis'

Image of Abies alba 'Pyramidalis'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

ABIES alba 'Pyramidalis'

Plant Common Name

European Silver Fir, Silver Fir

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A densely needled ornamental conifer, the European silver fir selection 'Pyramidalis' has deep green needles with a silvery underside. It was found as a sport on a silver fir growing in England in 1851. Native to southern Europe's mountains, from the Pyrennes eastward across the Alps and into the Caucusus, its shape lends it to more ornate uses in park and garden settings than the parent species. The smooth gray bark will eventually crack into plates.

The branches often grow upwards at an angle from the main trunk. The tree looks like a column and first, then becoming more like a thin cone in shape. Needles growing in shade are held out horizontally on the twigs, while those in direct sunlight are held erect. Glossy dark green, the needle undersides are a marked gray or silver. The smaller male cones are pinkish blue-violet while the large, cylinder-like female cones are yellow-green before ripening to sienna.

Grow 'Pyramidalis' in full sun to partial shade in a non-alkaline soil that is fertile, moist and well-draining. Protect from hot summer winds and intense afternoon sunlight in regions with hot summers. It makes a lovely upright accent for screening or clustering groves across a property. It has been used frequently on university campuses, historic parks and in cemeteries.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    45'-65' / 13.7m - 19.8m

  • Width

    12'-20' / 3.7m - 6.1m

  • Native To

    Europe, Southern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green, Pink, Lavender

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray, Slate Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No