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ABIES bornumelleriana

Image of Abies bornumelleriana

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

ABIES bornumelleriana

Plant Common Name

Bornmueller's Fir

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Rare in cultivation but occurring naturally only in a small area of northwestern Turkey, Bornmueller's fir has a controversial identity. While some taxonomists consider it nothing more that a variant of the Caucasian or Nordman's fir (Abies nordmanniana), others think it arose from the natural hybridization of the Nordman's fir with the Greek fir (A. cephalonica). Regardless of origin, this pyramidal but narrow evergreen tree demonstrates increased tolerance to heavier textured soils than most other fir species.

The gray-brown bark is smooth but with resin blisters, showing some bark plates when the tree attain great age. The horizontal branches radiate uniformly and symmetrically from the bole. Branchlets are densely covered in rich green needles that turn deeper green with a hint of black. Needles also grow slightly upward on the branches and are heavily perfumed when crushed. Female cones are oblong and mature to dark reddish brown.

Grow Bornmueller's fir in full sun to light shade in any moist but well-drained soil, including clays that are slightly alkaline in pH. Difficult to find in the nursery trade, it's a smaller-growing alternative to Nordman's fir that is so attractive when small that it could be the most beautiful candidate for a cut Christmas tree.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    6 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    30'-50' / 9.1m - 15.2m

  • Width

    10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m

  • Native To

    Turkey

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Brown, Sienna

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No