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ABIES cilicica

Image of Abies cilicica

Mark A. Miller

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

ABIES cilicica

Plant Common Name

Cilician Fir

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

A beautiful evergreen tree, the Cilician fir produces a pointy top and dense foliage and branches that grow on upward-growing branches that persist on the lowest parts of the trunk. This slow-growing conifer is native to highland pockets from Lebanon and northern Syria northward into south-central Turkey. It matures with a narrow, pyramid-like silhouette with ash-gray bark that becomes fissured and plated with great age.

Needles spread upward and forward in two ranks on the occasionally fuzzy branchlets. Each needle is pliable, glossy rich bright green with whitish green undersides. From a distance, the effect is a seafoam green color to the tree. Female seeds cones are greenish brown to sienna-brown when ripe. A cone is rather large and cylindrical with a nipple-like but blunt tip.

Grow Cilician fir in sunny landscapes, although light shade is tolerated. Its slow growth is made lusher in a moist, organic-rich, well-drained soil. Any pH, from slightly alkaline to moderately acidic, is acceptable. Use this evergreen as a magnificent specimen in a lawn, park or cemetery.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    6 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    60'-100' / 18.3m - 30.5m (75)

  • Width

    15'-20' / 4.6m - 6.1m

  • Native To

    Mediterranean, Turkey, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Brown, Sienna

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Sea Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Sea Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Sea Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Sea Green, Gray Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No