Plant Common Name
Japanese Fir, Momi Fir
This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.
The wood of the momi fir is light colored and traditionally used to make coffins in its native Japan. A tall-growing evergreen, momi fir grows in Japan's highlands intermixed with other conifers. This tree grows slowly in its youth, retaining a dense, upright pyramid shape. When mature, the straight trunk becomes massive and the scattered horizontal branches look somewhat like the silhouette of an old white pine.
The emerald green needles are flattened and are alternating on the twigs in two planes. Young trees' needles are sharply tipped. Needle undersides are markedly white and the needle tips have a minute V-shape. The bark is dotted with resin, but as branches or the trunk ages, it becomes gray with lots of cork. Female cones are pendent cylinders, initially green but maturing yellowish brown.
Grow momi fir in full to partial sun. Best performance occurs in moist, organic-rich, acidic soils with good drainage. In dry or higher pH conditions the needles become more yellow-green. In the winter sun the normally lush green needles may also temporarily scald to yellow. Use this fir as a specimen tree in a spacious landscape. It demonstrates good tolerance to long, hot summers, including those with high humidity. Momi fir's growth rate increases after several years in the ground.
AHS Heat Zone
10 - 1
USDA Hardiness Zone
6 - 9
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
Needled or Scaled Evergreen
Full Sun, Partial Sun
50'-90' / 15.2m - 27.4m
10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m