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ABUTILON pictum

Image of Abutilon pictum

James H. Schutte

Family

Malvaceae

Botanical Name

ABUTILON pictum

Plant Common Name

Abutilon, Indian Mallow

General Description

Indian mallow is an ever-blooming shrub that bears numerous small, gold, orange or salmon flowers with red veins. The hibiscus-like flowers are colorful and nod gracefully on the open branches of this evergreen to semi-evergreen Brazilian shrub. Its leaves are maple-like, with rounded lobes and soft medium green to dark green. When young, Indian mallow has an upright habit and becomes more rounded as it ages.

This easy to cultivate plant grows best in sites with partial sun and rich, well-drained soil with even moisture. In its northernmost range, it may die back to the ground much like an herbaceous perennial. In these conditions, it is best not to prune back its dead stems until early spring. This helps it better establish itself. In the far north, it can be planted as a tender perennial or houseplant. Where hardy, it is best planted as a foundation plant or in a shrub border. The popular selection 'Thompsonii' has particularly showy yellow and green mottled leaves and larger salmon orange flowers.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    10 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-15' / 3.0m - 4.6m

  • Width

    6'-15' / 1.8m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    World/Pandemic

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Red, Orange, Pink, Peach, Dark Red, Copper, Bronze

  • Fruit Color

    Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Gray Green, Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Tan, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds, Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes