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ACER buergerianum

Image of Acer buergerianum

James H. Schutte

Family

Aceraceae

Botanical Name

ACER buergerianum

Plant Common Name

Trident Maple

General Description

Trident maple is an architecturally handsome small oval to rounded deciduous tree with lustrous, dark green, three-lobed leaves with blue-green undersides. They turn red, yellow, or orange in fall. New growth may be purplish or bronze. The flaking, multicolored bark of this East Asian native is also ornamental. Insignificant yellow flowers in early spring give rise to winged pale-green fruits.

Trident maple does best in moist, well-drained soils in full sun or partial shade. It is remarkably adaptable to infertile soils, drought, heat, and cold. It makes a great feature plant or bonsai subject and is ideal for a small garden or large container. The cultivar 'Streetwise' is more upright and easily trained as a street tree. The clone 'ABMTF', marketed as Aeryn®, has deep green foliage and an improved growth rate that rivals that of red maples. Another modern, narrow-habit cultivar is 'ABFSS', known better as Valynor®.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    20'-40' / 6.1m - 12.2m (30)

  • Width

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m (25)

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    China, Japan, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow, Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Green, Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red, Orange

  • Bark Color

    Orange, Brown, Gray

  • Bark Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No