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ACER campestre

Image of Acer campestre

James H. Schutte

Family

Aceraceae

Botanical Name

ACER campestre

Plant Common Name

Field Maple, Hedge Maple

General Description

Tolerant of shearing, pollarding and hard pruning, hedge maple is a densely branched deciduous tree with excellent heat and drought tolerance. Historically, this slow-growing tree has been used to create large hedgerows along the roadways in its native Europe.

In early spring, small clusters of bright yellow-green flowers appear and develop into pretty dangling groups of samaras, or winged seeds to turn from light green to tan with a slight pink blush. The gently lobed, dark green leaves often turn an attractive golden yellow in autumn. These change to brown and often persist on the stem into winter.

An excellent tolerance to a wide variety of soils adds to the popularity of this tough maple. It grows best in full sun but can tolerate part and is an unsurpassed shade tree for difficult planting areas with poor soils. Some notable cultivars exist, such as the Queen Elizabeth hedge maple ('Evelyn') which has larger leaves and grows more vigorously, and 'Compactum Nanum', which is a shrubby dwarf selection. Rarer cultivars include the variegated forms 'Pulverentum' and 'Carnival.'

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 4

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    30'-70' / 9.1m - 21.3m

  • Width

    30'-35' / 9.1m - 10.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, Northern Africa, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Green, Light Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Light Yellow, Light Pink, Light Green, Tan

  • Fruit Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Gold, Tan

  • Bark Color

    Black, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes