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ACER grandidentatum

Image of Acer grandidentatum

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Aceraceae

Botanical Name

ACER grandidentatum

Plant Common Name

Bigtooth Maple

General Description

Bigtooth or canyon maple boasts great fall foliage color while being better suited to colder, drier regions than the sugar maple. This impressive native of the intermountain West of the United States and extreme northern Mexico usually grows along stream banks. The large leaves are three to five lobed and have blunt tips. Fall coloring is typically reddish, but tones of yellow or pinkish red are not out of the realm of possibility.

Bigtooth maple is a hardy tree, tolerant of high soil alkalinity that would cause other maples to suffer nutrient deficiencies. Growth is best in full sun on a moist soil with excellent drainage. It will handle relatively drier and compacted soils, too, which makes it a great candidate for most urban landscapes. Drought tolerance, mature tree form and fall color vary according to cultivar. Fine drought tolerant selections would be 'Legacy' and 'Green Mountain', while more narrow trees would include 'Temple's Upright' ('Monumentale') and 'Newton Sentry' ('Columnare').

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    25'-40' / 7.6m - 12.2m

  • Width

    25'-30' / 7.6m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    Western United States, Southwestern United States, Mexico

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Red

  • Fruit Color

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No