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ACER japonicum 'Vitifolium'

Image of Acer japonicum 'Vitifolium'

Russell Stafford

Family

Aceraceae

Botanical Name

ACER japonicum 'Vitifolium'

Plant Common Name

Downy Japanese Maple, Fullmoon Maple, Grape-leaved Downy Japanese Maple

General Description

Fullmoon maple is a small, often multi-stemmed, deciduous tree native to Northeast Asia. The elegant, broad-spreading branches of the cultivar 'Vitifolium' are clothed with bold, lobed leaves that recall those of grape. They turn brilliant shades in fall. Attractive red flowers appear with the emerging leaves, followed by winged red fruits. The smooth gray bark provides winter interest.

Tolerant of most soils and sun or partial shade, fullmoon maple is a good tree for the lawn, shade garden, or mixed border, and teams beautifully with other East Asian woodland species such as redvein (Enkianthus campanulatus), Japanese andromeda (Pieris japonica), and Japanese maple Acer palmatum. It also works well for bonsai.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    20'-40' / 6.1m - 12.2m

  • Width

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Eastern Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Red, Light Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red, Gold, Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No