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ACER rubrum

Image of Acer rubrum

Jesse Saylor

Family

Aceraceae

Botanical Name

ACER rubrum

Plant Common Name

Northern Red Maple, Red Maple

General Description

Red maple is a tall, deciduous tree that is native to eastern North America. Widely planted, it has a rounded canopy and is best known for its spectacular fall color that ranges from bright crimson to shades of yellow, orange and red. In winter, its stark gray fissured bark looks nice against snowy landscapes. There are many cultivars of red maple, like 'Autumn Blaze', which is prized for its reliably brilliant crimson fall color.

Adapted to a wide range of soils and topographies, red maple does best in locations with full to part sun. It makes a great shade tree, does well in urban settings and may be planted as a street tree if given ample growing space.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    40'-60' / 12.2m - 18.3m (50)

  • Width

    40'-60' / 12.2m - 18.3m (50)

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Wet Site, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water, Ample Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Red

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Green, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red, Orange, Yellow Green, Gold, Dark Red, Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Silver, Slate Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes