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ACER saccharum 'Green Mountain'

Image of Acer saccharum 'Green Mountain' PP2339

James H. Schutte

Family

Aceraceae

Botanical Name

ACER saccharum 'Green Mountain' PP2339

Plant Common Name

Green Mountain Sugar Maple, Sugar Maple

General Description

The 'Green Mountain' sugar maple has an oval to pyramidal, well-branched canopy and thick, waxy, glossy-green leaves that become a vibrant, friendly orange in autumn. Native to eastern North America, sugar maple is a large, hardy deciduous tree with broad, five-lobed leaves. The leaves of 'Green Mountain' become orange in fall, often mottled with yellow and red. In early spring, the branches are filled with tiny, pendent, light yellow-green flowers before the leaves emerge. Blossoms are visited by bees and result in the development of samaras: two-winged seeds that are joined at the head and resemble helicopters as they drop and spiral downward to the ground.

Sugar maple develops the best crown growth in full to partial sun and tolerates a wide range of soil types. Not as well adapted to stressful urban conditions as other maples, it will fare well in city yards and parks with ample space for root growth. The 'Green Mountain' sugar maple does not grow as large as the species at maturity. Its glossy lobed leaves are also thicker and less apt to tatter and are perfectly tolerant of wind and summer heat, but even this cultivar will have leaf scorch if planted in urban areas with lots of reflected heat and light from concrete and asphalt.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    60'-70' / 18.3m - 21.3m (70)

  • Width

    40'-50' / 12.2m - 15.2m (45)

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Chartreuse

  • Fruit Color

    Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Orange, Gold

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes