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ACER saccharum 'Newton Sentry'

Image of Acer saccharum 'Newton Sentry'

Jesse Saylor

Family

Aceraceae

Botanical Name

ACER saccharum 'Newton Sentry'

Plant Common Name

Sugar Maple

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

The great American sugar maple is a beautiful deciduous tree that offers some of the prettiest fall color of all maples. It is widely distributed from the northerly reaches of eastern Canada down to Georgia and Louisiana, so there is a lot of variability in hardiness and the trees are well-adapted to many growing situations; though in the wild they tend to be upland trees. Sugar maple seedlings are also surprisingly shade-tolerant and will grow fairly vigorously in the forest understory.

Sugar maple is an upright deciduous shade tree with an oval to rounded canopy. In early spring it puts forth inconspicuous clusters of chartreuse flowers that develop into helicopter-like fruits called samaras. Its medium to dark green summer foliage gives way to spectacular hues of red, pink, orange and golden yellow in the fall. A well-colored sugar maple has the sunny hues of a summer peach. There are many cultivars that vary in size, form and fall color.

In addition to beauty, these trees offer a sweet treat that’s a true American favorite, maple sugar and syrup. Sugar maples are the best maples for syrup, as their name would suggest. In late winter to early spring the trees are tapped as soon as temperatures begin to warm and the watery slightly sweet sap starts to flow. The sap is collected in buckets and taken to a sugar house where it is cooked down, or reduced, until thick, syrupy and super sweet. There are different grades of maple syrup: The clear mild Grade A (light, medium or dark amber), which is used on pancakes and grade B, which is darker, stronger in flavor and typically used for cooking.

Sugar maples develop the best crown growth in full to partial sun and tolerate a wide range of soil types so long as they are well-drained. They are not as adapted to stressful urban conditions as other maples but will fare well in city yards and parks with ample space for root growth. Soil compaction and root confinement can lead to leaf scorch, leaf drop or stunted, non-uniform growth.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    60'-120' / 18.3m - 36.6m (60)

  • Width

    40'-80' / 12.2m - 24.4m (40)

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Chartreuse

  • Fruit Color

    Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red, Orange, Gold, Pink, Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes