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ACTINIDIA deliciosa

Image of Actinidia deliciosa

Keith Weller, USDA/ARS

Family

Actinidiaceae

Botanical Name

ACTINIDIA deliciosa

Plant Common Name

Chinese Gooseberry, Fuzzy Kiwi, Kiwi

General Description

Kiwi are vigorous, deciduous, woody vines that are native to China. By fall, they develop brown, fuzzy, edible, egg-shaped fruits. These taste like tangy green grapes and have a green, juicy interior with a ring of small edible black seeds. Fruits are preceded by fragrant ivory to yellow flowers, and long, medium green, heart-shaped leaves cover plants throughout the growing season. Kiwi are dioecious, which means that each gender is found on separate plants, so gardeners need two plants, a male and female, to get fruit. There are several self-fertile varieties like the prolific 'Blake.'

Plant fuzzy kiwi vines in full to partial sun and sites with average, well drained soil. Avoid highly alkaline soils if possible. They will grow well on any trellis or strong fence, sometimes needing to be tied to ensure their growth remains where desired. Prune female plants back during dormancy, leaving five to seven buds on last summer's growth. Flowering and fruiting occurs on this year-old branching. Male plants can be cut back drastically, as their only useful purpose is to produce pollen.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 7

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m (25)

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Tan, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Light Green, Yellow Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Rock Garden / Wall, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No