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Autumn Adonis, Pheasant's Eye
Small, scarlet buttercups are the glory of the annual pheasant's eye. A wildflower of field and meadow, natural populations exist on calcareous soils across much of Europe, the Mediterranean, North Africa and western Asia. Each bloom has very dark anthers giving the appearance of a bird's or pheasant's eye. Flowering occurs from late spring to midsummer.
Seeds germinate in late winter or spring, and plants have very finely dissected ferny foliage that's pale or bright green. Small red flowers appear on the branch tips in late spring or early summer and continue flowering into midsummer. Insects pollinate the flowers, followed by ovoid seedheads that turn brown and release a modest number of seeds. These can remain in the seedbank for a number of years before germinating.
Grow in full sun and limey soils that are light and friable. Unlike most wildflowers, pheasant's eye is not too weedy and aggressive. It is most at home in naturalistic wildflower plantings. Sow seeds in late fall or early spring.
A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
8"-12" / 20.3cm - 30.5cm
6"-10" / 15.2cm - 25.4cm
Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer
Europe, Mediterranean, Northern Africa, Western Asia
Drought Tolerant, Average Water
Red, Crimson, Black
Light Green, Lime Green
Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower
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