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AEONIUM

Image of Aeonium

Michael Charters, www.calflora.net

Family

Crassulaceae

Botanical Name

AEONIUM

Plant Common Name

Aeonium

General Description

Grown for their architectural and often colorful foliage, aeoniums are evergreen succulent perennials or shrubs found mainly on the Canary Islands. They bear fleshy, spoon-shaped leaves in rosettes at the tips of one to several stems, with new growth appearing in late fall and early winter. Typically bright green to blue-green, the leaves are variegated, purple, or golden on some selections, and may have red-tinted margins. Many aeoniums are low mat-forming plants with short rosette stems; others become small or even medium-sized shrubs. Flowering stalks with domed or conical heads of starry yellow flowers are sometimes produced on older stems, which usually die after flowering.

These attractive and easy to grow succulents work well as potted plants for the home or greenhouse, or as garden subjects in areas with mild winters. They prefer full sun and dryish soil, requiring partial shade in areas with hot summers. They dislike hot humid conditions. Stems should be cut back after flowering, or when the plant becomes leggy. Propagate plants from stem cuttings in late winter or early spring.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    4"-80" / 10.2cm - 203.2cm

  • Width

    4"-80" / 10.2cm - 203.2cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Canary Islands, Northern Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Rosette/Stemless

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Blue Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Houseplant, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No