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AESCULUS hippocastanum 'Baumannii'

Image of Aesculus hippocastanum 'Baumannii'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Hippocastanaceae

Botanical Name

AESCULUS hippocastanum 'Baumannii'

Plant Common Name

Baumann's Horsechestnut, Common Horsechestnut

General Description

Long prized for its showy conical clusters of large white flowers with pink or yellow blotches, horse chestnut is a tall, deciduous, spring-blooming tree native to southeastern Europe. The cultivar 'Baumannii' produces exceptionally long-lasting, double, creamy-white flowers that age to blush-pink. It bears little or no fruit. The large palmate (hand-like) leaves cast dense shade.

This sun-loving tree does well in moist, well drained soil, and tolerates salt and pollution. Baumann's horse chestnut is an excellent large shade or street tree. It is sometimes sold under the name 'Flore Pleno'.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    50'-100' / 15.2m - 30.5m (75)

  • Width

    40'-75' / 12.2m - 22.9m (50)

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Southern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Brown

  • Bark Color

    Orange, Brown, Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes