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AESCULUS hippocastanum

Image of Aesculus hippocastanum

Mark Kane

Family

Hippocastanaceae

Botanical Name

AESCULUS hippocastanum

Plant Common Name

Common Horsechestnut, Horsechestnut

General Description

Horsechestnut is a tall, rounded, deciduous tree native to southeastern Europe. In spring, it bears showy conical clusters of large white flowers with yellow or pink markings. It later produces spiny fruits that contain inedible brown horse chestnuts. The large palmate (hand-like) leaves cast dense shade.

This sun-loving tree does well in moist, well drained soil, and tolerates salt and pollution. It makes an excellent shade tree, but beware of its falling nuts!.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    50'-100' / 15.2m - 30.5m (75)

  • Width

    40'-75' / 12.2m - 22.9m (50)

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Southern Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Pink

  • Fruit Color

    Burgundy, Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Brown

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes