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AGAPANTHUS (Headbourne Hybrid)

Image of Agapanthus (Headbourne Hybrid)

James H. Schutte

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

AGAPANTHUS( Headbourne Hybrid)

Plant Common Name

African Lily, Lily-of-the-Nile

General Description

The English Headbourne hybrids are some of the hardiest Agapanthus available. These evergreen to semi-evergreen perennials bear dense clusters of lily-like flowers in variable shades of violet-blue or white. Each flower head has around 70 to 75 florets. Where hardy, they are best grown in the landscape but in colder climates may be grown in containers if provided large spacious pots. Bloom time is variable, depending on the local climate and water availability, but plants typically bloom in summer.

The long strap-like leaves of this tender perennial are medium green and produced in substantial clumps. Though technically evergreen, the foliage may die back until spring if plants are subjected to hard, but not killing, frost. Attractive rounded clusters of small, lily-like, violet-blue flowers are produced throughout the growing season. Each small six-petaled bloom is trumpet-shaped. Bees pollinate the flowers and small seed capsules that turn from green to brown follow. Cut spent stems back to keep plants looking tidy and encourage further bloom.

Provide lily-of-the-Nile full to partial sun and soil that is fertile, well-drained and has a neutral pH. Water regularly during the summer months for best flowering, but keep plants drier through the winter months. Established plants will withstand substantial periods of drought. Specimens grown in containers or small garden spaces should be divided regularly as clumps tend to spread vigorously.

Lily-of-the-Nile is best planted as a groundcover, border specimen or container plant. It is quite carefree; pest and disease problems are few and deer do not feed on it.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    8 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    2'-4' / 0.6m - 1.2m

  • Width

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, South Africa

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Blue, Light Blue, Dark Blue, Violet

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Edging, Feature Plant, Foundation, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No