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AGAVE parryi ssp. neomexicana

Image of Agave parryi ssp. neomexicana

JC Raulston Arboretum at NC State University

Family

Agavaceae

Botanical Name

AGAVE parryi ssp. neomexicana

Plant Common Name

New Mexico Century Plant, Parry's Agave

General Description

The tight blue-hued rosettes of this compact Agave have unmatched symmetry and are great for smaller garden spaces. New Mexico century plant is native to the mountains and dry washes of Mexico and extends northward into the dry desert regions of Texas and New Mexico.

The wide fleshy leaves narrow towards the top and end with a sharp black tip. Most agaves produce offsets around their base but this one is reluctant to do so, making propagation time consuming and plants more expensive. But no other offers such tidy rounded colorful rosettes for desert landscapes.

This Agave blooms at about fifteen years of age and sends up a single tall spire topped branches covered with bright yellow flowers. These fragrant blooms are visited by many forms of desert wildlife including bats.

Agave grow best in infertile porous soil with sharp drainage. This small tidy variety is equally as suited to containers, but it will not achieve its greatest size when pot-grown. Marked cold hardiness and extreme drought resistance has made this species one of the most coveted in low desert landscapes.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 5

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 12

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 2b, 3a, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    18"-22" / 45.7cm - 55.9cm

  • Width

    30"-36" / 76.2cm - 91.4cm

  • Bloom Time

    Summer

  • Native To

    Southwestern United States, Mexico

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Blue Green, Gray Green, Gray

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green, Gray Green, Gray

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Blue Green, Gray Green, Gray

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Gray Green, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No