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AGAVE schottii

Image of Agave schottii

Maureen Gilmer

Family

Agavaceae

Botanical Name

AGAVE schottii

Plant Common Name

Schott's Agave, Schott's Century Plant

General Description

Use this tough little Agave in hot dry regions where few small ornamentals will survive. This species is native to southern Arizona and New Mexico, extending southward into Sonora, Mexico. It has an informal, scruffy look and maintains a cast iron nature in rocky infertile ground. The leaves contain saponifiers and were harvested by indigenous people for soap.

Schott's Agave tends to spread and form colonies. Each rosette is dense and irregularly shaped with linear, upright leaves tipped with wicked spines. The toothless leaves have fibers along the edges that slough off and curl as the plants age. The offsets may be severed and easily rooted as new plants. After about twenty years, each rosette will bloom once and die. The golden flowers appear in branched clusters atop a tall spike.

Though not as graphically beautiful as more symmetrical Agave with open rosettes, the value of Schott's agave cannot be overlooked as a filler plant for dry, sunny landscapes. Its tendency to spread coupled with the ability to thrive in shallow rocky ground offers a problem solver for rugged foundations, rock walls and sloped gardens.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    10 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    9 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    2b, 3a, 3b, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Cactus or Succulent

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    8"-10" / 20.3cm - 25.4cm

  • Width

    30"-40" / 76.2cm - 101.6cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Southwestern United States, Mexico

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Yellow Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Bold

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Container, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No