Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

AGLAONEMA simplex

Image of Aglaonema simplex

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Araceae

Botanical Name

AGLAONEMA simplex

Plant Common Name

Aglaonema

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Aglaonema is a genus of more than 20 species and many cultivated varieties and hybrids. The members of the genus are naturally distributed across the warm, humid, tropical forest of Asia. The cultivated varieties are highly prized as easy, tough indoor plants, selected for their striking leaves and used as houseplants, conservatory specimens, container plants, or bedding plants where growing conditions are favorable.

These plants are evergreen, tender perennials. Most grow fleshy stems from rhizomes (underground stems) to form slow-spreading clumps. Thick, leathery leaves alternately clasp the stem on long, succulent petioles (leaf stems). The leaves are single (simple) and narrowly lance-shaped or oval. Most are beautifully marked with various silver, white or gray patterned variegation, though unusual varieties may have red or pink variegation or petioles.

Like all members of the family Araceae, they have unusual flowers consisting of a finger-like floral column (spadix) surrounded by a white or pale green petal-like leaf (spathe). The female flowers are usually at the base of the spadix and the male flowers are towards the top. The spathe is often small, leathery and hidden among the foliage. After pollination, the female flowers produce showy fruits of red or orange which look like fleshy berries along the column.

Commonly grown species include Aglaonema commutatum which grows erect with large, lance-shaped to elliptical leaves with lovely silver blotching. Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema modestum ) is native to south China and has dark green, glossy leaves. And Aglaonema nitidum is found in the region from Myanmar to Borneo and has upright leaves which are dark green and variously blotched with white.

This tropical is very frost tender so protect the plants from a chill whether grown inside or in the landscape. Bright indirect light, high humidity and a moist but well-drained soil or potting mix are required for good growth. Water and fertilize regularly and make sure that outdoor plants are shaded from the intense sun of mid-day. Indoors, these are some of the best plants for low-light conditions. Aglaonemas are grown as landscape plants in the tropics and prized as houseplants or tender patio plants in temperate climates. Their fabulous leaves brighten up the darkest office and are long-lasting and beautiful when cut for arrangements.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    14 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H2

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Southern Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Green, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Orange

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Edging, Groundcover, Houseplant, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No