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AKEBIA trifoliata

Image of Akebia trifoliata

Jesse Saylor

Family

Lardizabalaceae

Botanical Name

AKEBIA trifoliata

Plant Common Name

Threeleaf Akebia

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Akebia is a genus of approximately five species of woody climbers native to China, Japan and Korea. They are evergreen, deciduous or semi-evergreen twining vines grown for their pleasant, spicy or sweetly scented flowers.

The medium green, compound leaves are shaped like a hand and may have three, five or seven leaflets. The leaves alternate on the thin stems. Generally the foliage has a bronze hue when young. The marginally attractive fragrant flowers are borne on unbranched stems among the foliage. The flowers appear in spring and are either male or female. The smaller male flowers tend to be along the stem tips and the larger female flowers are below them. The blooms are cup-shaped with three broad petals that may be rose, mauve or purple. These are followed by odd, sausage-shaped, fleshy blue to purple berries.

The most commonly grown species is Akebia quinata, the five-leafed Akebia or chocolate vine. It is deciduous, has five leaflets, is aggressively vigorous and the flowers are brown-mauve. This species is considered invasive in some parts of the world. Three-leafed Akebia (Akebia trifoliata) is another popular deciduous species for cultivation. Its leaves have three rounded leaflets and its flowers are dark purple. The spring blooms are followed by long, purple fruit.

Culture and hardiness vary by species. Generally, Akebia are easy to grow. They tolerate most soils with good drainage and regular moisture. Most will grow in full sun or shade. They generally do not tolerate the hot, humid conditions of subtropical and tropical areas. All are vines, so they require support, such as a trellis, fence or arbor. Prune them after they flower.

Characteristics

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    China, Japan, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Pink, Rose, Bronze

  • Fruit Color

    Blue, Purple, Violet

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Groundcover, Hanging Basket, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes