Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

ALLIUM cepa 'Burgundy'

Image of Allium cepa 'Burgundy'

Nancy Engel

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

ALLIUM cepa 'Burgundy'

Plant Common Name

Garden Onion, Red Onion

General Description

Red onions are colorful and tasty in salads and sandwiches. The cultivar ‘Burgundy’ is an especially good selection for mild sweet flavor and bright color. It is a short-day variety that's best planted in fall or early winter and harvested in spring (95 days). The onions it produces are moderately good keepers.

The garden onion is a biennial or perennial widely grown as an annual vegetable. This variety produces a dense upright cluster of hollow pale green leaves that rise from a burgundy purple bulb, which grows larger and more bulbous as the season progresses. Lavender-pink balls of star-like flowers emerge from plants in the spring of the second year, though these are rarely seen because plants are harvested after the first year.

The onions of ‘Burgundy’ are medium-sized, mild, sweet and store moderately well. Like all onions, bulb formation is day-length dependent and ‘Burgundy is an intermediate-day onion. This means it requires 12 to 14 hours of daylight to produce onions and should be planted in early spring and harvested in fall.

It is necessary to provide these veggies with even moisture as well as full sun and rich soil. Onions can be seed grown but most are planted using sets, or small bulbs. Sets should be planted with their tops extending just above the surface of the soil. Harvest your onions when their leaves start to show decline, around 100-days after planting, and store them in a dry, cool, well-ventilated area.

Onions are fun to plant and great for kids, Try braiding their dry tops to make an attractive hanging onion cluster for fall.

Characteristics

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 10

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Width

    4"-12" / 10.2cm - 30.5cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    World/Pandemic, North America, Europe, Russia/Siberia, Northern Africa, Asia, India

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Gray Green, Yellow Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edible, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No