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AMELANCHIER canadensis

Image of Amelanchier canadensis

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

AMELANCHIER canadensis

Plant Common Name

Canadian Serviceberry, Shadblow Serviceberry

General Description

The graceful multi-stemmed habit of shadblow serviceberry, white spring flowers, edible summer fruits and bright fall foliage brings much to the landscape. A native of the eastern North America, it is a large deciduous shrub or small tree that spreads by suckers and naturally resides in wetlands, such as bogs or swamps, though it is also commonly found in moist woods and stream sides. It is very hardy and many cultivated varieties exist for garden culture. Its berry-like summer fruits are edible and used to make preserves and pies.

The simple green leaves of shadblow are oval with finely serrated edges. When they first emerge they are woolly and whitish and turn deep green by late spring, losing most of their wooly hairs. Small showy white or palest pink flowers are held in clusters and appear in spring before the leaves emerge. The bee-pollinated blooms are followed by edible berries that turn from red to deep purplish black. They are flavorful and much sought after by wildlife as well as people. Cool autumn days turn the leaves shades of yellow and red, giving the overall plant canopy a look of a well-colored peach.

Shadblow serviceberry prefers moist soils with average to poor drainage and an acid pH. Despite its preference to lowland situations, it adapts very nicely to upland garden sites too. For best flowering, fruiting and habit, provide it with full to partial sun. This multi-branched shrubby tree makes a lovely addition to woodland gardens, waterside settings, moist areas and shrub borders. If placed in front of a dark evergreen hedge or grove, the white flowers are much showier.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    6'-30' / 1.8m - 9.1m

  • Width

    15'-20' / 4.6m - 6.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Tolerances

    Wet Site

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water, Ample Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink

  • Fruit Color

    Dark Red, Dark Blue

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red, Green, Orange

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Bog Garden, Edible, Feature Plant, Foundation, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes