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AMELANCHIER lamarckii

Image of Amelanchier lamarckii

Mark A. Miller

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

AMELANCHIER lamarckii

Plant Common Name

Apple Serviceberry, Juneberry

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Birds will flock to the Juneberry for a taste berry treat in very late spring, and gardeners will sigh over the beauty of the white spring flowers and vibrant red and yellow fall foliage. Especially astute gardeners will manage to harvest the edible, sweet, purplish black fruits before the birds pluck them all from the tree.

Great debate and uncertainty remains as to the origins of this deciduous large shrub to small tree. Clearly native to eastern North America, taxonomists can't agree if it's a distinct species or the result of natural hybridization among other trees in the wild.

In mid-spring, the barren smooth and brownish gray branches display hundreds of five-petaled, white blossoms. Weeks later, hairy and white new shoots emerge, unfurling to bronzy purple and light green leaves. By late spring the leaves are deeper green and mask the developing fruits. In autumn, leaves flush red, but tissues near the veins transition from green to bright yellow.

Grow Juneberry in full sun to partial shade settings in any acidic, fertile, well-drained soil. A moist, humusy soil ensures the best health of the tree. Use it as a woodland tree or as a tall, informal windbreak or hedgerow. Its fruits, which taste and look much like blueberries, may be eaten out-of-hand or made into jams and jellies.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m (25)

  • Width

    25'-30' / 7.6m - 9.1m (25)

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    North America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Purple, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Light Green, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Striped/Striated, Spotted/Mottled

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No