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AMPELOPSIS arborea

Image of Ampelopsis arborea

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Vitaceae

Botanical Name

AMPELOPSIS arborea

Plant Common Name

Peppervine

General Description

The unusual violet berries of this hardy woody vine really stand out in the fall. Peppervine is native to regions across the southern United States. It is rarely cultivated due to its aggressive and rampant growth habit.

Considered by many to be a weed, this deciduous vine is extremely adaptable to most growing conditions. It is fast growing and short-lived. The shiny compound leaves emerge red, turn green and then change to bright red in fall. Loose clusters of berries appear in summer. These transition from yellow to light purple and dark violet by fall and are eaten and spread by birds.

Peppervine is not finicky as to the soil it grows in, but flowering and fruiting is more robust in a sunnier location in a moist, well drained soil.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 2

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m

  • Width

    5'-100' / 1.5m - 30.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Summer

  • Native To

    Southeastern United States, South-Central United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green

  • Fruit Color

    Purple, Light Yellow, Pink, Light Blue, Turquoise, Dark Blue, Violet, Blue Violet, Plum

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Red, Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes