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ANANAS bracteatus 'Tricolor'

Image of Ananas bracteatus 'Tricolor'

James Burghardt

Family

Bromeliaceae

Botanical Name

ANANAS bracteatus 'Tricolor'

Plant Common Name

Tricolor Red Pineapple, Variegated Ornamental Pineapple

General Description

Closely related to the commercial pineapple, red pineapple is an evergreen, terrestrial perennial from southeastern Brazil, Paraguay, and northern Argentina. The cultivar 'Tricolor' (also known as 'Striatus') has rosettes of erect, sword-shaped, olive-green leaves with creamy margins and red spines. The rosettes produce offsets at the base and between the leaves. When mature (about 18 months after propagation), the central rosette gives rise to a tall stout stem bearing an oval cluster of lavender flowers with large prickly red bracts. A plume of stiff leaves tops the cluster. Pulpy greenish-brown fruitlets follow the blooms, merging to form a succulent, edible cone-shaped fruit that is somewhat smaller than a commercial pineapple.

This bromeliad needs warmth and well-drained soil with ample organic matter. Give it a sunny to lightly shaded site in a warm room or greenhouse, or use it in the landscape in tropical gardens. It is tough and will tolerate some wind, salt spray and drought. Each pineapple rosette dies after flowering, forming new rosettes from its offsets. Red pineapple makes an interesting container plant for a patio, warm greenhouse or sunny windowsill. In warm climates it makes a great barrier planting, deterring trespassers (human or otherwise) with its sharp-edged leaves.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    2'-4' / 0.6m - 1.2m

  • Width

    2'-4' / 0.6m - 1.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    South America, Argentina, Brazil

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Blue, Lavender

  • Fruit Color

    Olive, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Red, Green, Pink, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring) Modifier

    Variegated, Striped/Striated

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    White, Red, Green, Pink, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Summer) Modifier

    Variegated, Striped/Striated

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Red, Green, Pink, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Variegated, Striped/Striated

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    White, Red, Green, Pink, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Winter) Modifier

    Variegated, Striped/Striated

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Cutflower, Edible, Feature Plant, Houseplant, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    No