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ANEMONE nemorosa

Image of Anemone nemorosa

Jessie Keith

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

ANEMONE nemorosa

Plant Common Name

European Wood Anemone

General Description

A familiar and beloved wildflower of European woodlands, this hardy perennial spangles the forest floor with white flowers in early spring. The cupped, six- to eight-lobed blooms open wide in bright light to reveal a central starburst of bright yellow anthers. The solitary flowers are borne atop compact stems clothed with heavily dissected, three-parted leaves. Similar leaves arise directly from the ground. The foliage goes dormant by midsummer. Plants grow from a branching underground network of stick-like brown rhizomes, eventually forming large colonies. Many selections have been made over the years, including blue-, pink-, and double-flowered forms.

Grow this lovely woodlander in partial shade and moist, well-drained, humus-rich soil. It will tolerate some summer drought. Naturalize it in masses in a wooded area, or use it for early color in a shaded border.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    3"-12" / 7.6cm - 30.5cm

  • Width

    12"-18" / 30.5cm - 45.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Blue, Light Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single, Double, Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes