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ANEMONE virginiana

Image of Anemone virginiana

Jesse Saylor

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

ANEMONE virginiana

Plant Common Name

Tall Thimbleweed

General Description

A beautiful, spreading wildflower native to much of eastern North America, tall thimbleweed offers lush mats of upright, palm-shaped foliage and delicate white summer flowers. Native populations inhabit open woods and prairies that range from dry and rocky to somewhat moist and fertile. There are three variants, var. cylindroidea, var. virginiana and var. alba, which differ in floral characteristics, distribution and vigor.

The bright to medium green leaves of tall thimbleweed are palm-shaped and deeply incised and appear on upright, branched stems that may be green or purplish. Plants spread via aerial shoots that root as they go to create substantial mats of foliage. White, five-petaled flowers appear atop slender, upright stems in summer. Insects pollinate the blooms and bristled, elongated, thimble-like seedheads follow. The heads turn from green to brown and shatter into a puff when fully mature.

This is an adaptable wildflower that grows well in full to partial sun as well as substantial shade. Well-drained soil is required but otherwise tall thimbleweed is adaptable to a wide range of soil types. Established plants are quite drought tolerant. This is one of the few plants that successfully grows in dry shade. It makes a fine addition to wildflower gardens or naturalistic borders.

All parts of this plant are hazardous if ingested.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    12"-30" / 30.5cm - 76.2cm

  • Width

    2'-5' / 0.6m - 1.5m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    North America, United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Light Green, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Tan, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Light Yellow, Tan

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Groundcover, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes