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ANGELICA archangelica

Image of Angelica archangelica

Jessie Keith

Family

Apiaceae

Botanical Name

ANGELICA archangelica

Plant Common Name

Angelica, Archangel

General Description

An old-fashioned Eurasian garden herb, angelica was used to make medicinal tinctures and oils before the dawn of modern medicine. To this day this fragrant, earthy herb is still used to flavor the favorite French liqueur, Cointreau. A member of the carrot family, it is also ornamental in its own right producing large greenish umbels of flowers over large, herbaceous plants. Wild populations can be found growing along stream and river banks in alpine regions across Europe and Asia.

The coarsely divided, compound leaves of this large, clump-forming biennial or short-lived perennial are crisp green. In late spring or early summer, it produces towering branched stems topped with pale green, rounded, umbrella-like flowers. These are visited by a suite of pollinating insects and followed by many small, striated seeds that fall to the ground and may germinate.

The most fragrant parts of angelica are its roots and seeds. The roots have a warm, somewhat bitter, herbal smell and may be candied. When dried they are quite resinous. The seeds have a peppery taste. Both the roots and seeds produce a valuable volatile oil. The roots are best harvested in autumn and the seeds once heads are mature.

Grow angelica in spacious herb gardens or perennial borders with full to partial sun and rich garden loam with average drainage. The flowers add a truly spectacular architectural flare to garden spaces and are long-lasting when cut. Be sure to plant this in a spot with ample room. Plants can become quite sizable with age.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Plant Type

    Herb

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    4'-8' / 1.2m - 2.4m

  • Width

    2'-4' / 0.6m - 1.2m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Europe, Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow Green, Light Green

  • Fruit Color

    Tan, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Yellow Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Cutflower, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes