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ANGELICA gigas

Image of Angelica gigas

Jesse Saylor

Family

Apiaceae

Botanical Name

ANGELICA gigas

Plant Common Name

Korean Angelica, Purple Angelica

General Description

The stately purple angelica is both an ornamental and herbal garden biennial or short-lived perennial that originates from the meadows and river valleys of China, Korea and Japan. It's a towering majestic garden plant that produces huge umbels of purplish flowers in summer. These are supported by equally appealing tall, branched, purple stems.

The coarsely divided, compound leaves of this large, clump-forming herb are purplish green. Conspicuous purple leaf sheaths surround the base of each leaf stem. In mid to late summer, it produces towering branched stems topped with dark purple, rounded, umbrella-like flowers. These are visited by a suite of pollinating insects and followed by many small, striated seeds that fall to the ground and may germinate.

Grow purple angelica in spacious herb gardens or perennial borders with full to partial sun and rich garden loam with average drainage. The flowers add a truly spectacular architectural flare to garden spaces and are long-lasting when cut. Be sure to plant this in a spot with ample room. Plants can become quite sizable with age.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    4 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Biennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    3'-6' / 0.9m - 1.8m

  • Width

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer

  • Native To

    China, Japan, Korea

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Purple

  • Fruit Color

    Tan, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Purple, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Purple, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Purple, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Feature Plant, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes