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AQUILEGIA (Biedermeier Group)

Image of Aquilegia (Biedermeier Group)

Ball® Horticultural Company

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

AQUILEGIA( Biedermeier Group)

Plant Common Name

Biedermeier Columbine, Columbine

General Description

Columbines in the Biedermeier Group share several traits. Their flowers are strongly bi-colored, long-spurred and their stems are moderately compact. In spring they put forth open mounds of three parted, soft green, lobed leaves. By late spring to early summer they bear erect stems of upward facing or nodding large spurred flowers that are strongly bicolored in an array of colors. Pretty golden stamens extend from the center of each flower.

Grow columbine in full sun to partial shade and fertile well-drained soil that’s evenly moist. The more sunlight the more important it is the soil has available moisture. They can be short-lived, but self-sow gently to replace themselves; though the seedlings will not come true to seed. Deadhead spent flowers immediately if you don’t want new plants to seed in.

Columbine flowers attract many pollinators and are pretty when cut for arrangements, though they are not long-lasting. These deer resistant perennials are terrific for cottage or open woodland gardens and mixed flower borders.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    0"-18" / 0.0cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    0"-15" / 0.0cm - 38.1cm

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Gold, Pink, Magenta

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Blue Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Blue Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes