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AQUILEGIA 'Cardinal'

Image of Aquilegia 'Cardinal' (SONGBIRD SERIES)

James H. Schutte

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

AQUILEGIA 'Cardinal'( SONGBIRD SERIES)

Plant Common Name

Cardinal Columbine, Columbine

General Description

The large complex flowers of 'Cardinal' are white and crimson and stand above sturdy and vigorous plants. This hybrid is derived from the McKana Group and Mrs. Scott-Elliot hybrids and was bred by Charles Weddle of Weddle Native Plants, Palisade, Colorado.

Like other hybrid columbine, it is a hardy clump-forming perennial that grows from small slender woody rhizomes (underground lateral stems). This perennial offers clusters of gray-green scalloped leaves that appear along slender three-parted branches.

The intricate blooms have five large outer petals/sepals of crimson that splay outwards and five tubular spurred inner petals of white that flare at the mouth and are crimson at the tips of the spurs. The many flower buds open at different times, prolonging bloom from late spring into summer.

Columbines are easy to grow and prefer full sun to partial shade. They grow in many soils but woodland species prefer evenly moist, organic-rich soil with good drainage. Plants tend to decline slowly and die after a few years. However, this is rarely a disappointment because they reseed themselves almost to the point of weediness, and new replace the old. The leaves often become disfigured in summer by the trailing marks of leaf miners.

Enjoy these colorful columbine in any partially shaded border. Their delicate flowers can be cut for arrangements but only last a day.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    14"-24" / 35.6cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    12"-15" / 30.5cm - 38.1cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Crimson

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Gray Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes