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AQUILEGIA chrysantha 'Yellow Queen'

Image of Aquilegia chrysantha 'Yellow Queen'

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Ranunculaceae

Botanical Name

AQUILEGIA chrysantha 'Yellow Queen'

Plant Common Name

Golden Columbine, Yellow Queen Columbine

General Description

Columbine ‘Yellow Queen’ is a selection of Aquilegia chrysantha, a species native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. It features large, fragrant, soft-yellow flowers adorned with long, curving, reflexed spurs, which bloom in spring atop tall, well-branched stems. The showy blossoms are displayed high above compact, fern-like, mounds of foliage, and will continue to appear throughout most of the summer if faded flower stems are cut back regularly.

Aquilegia chrysantha ‘Yellow Queen’ performs best in dappled sun to partial shade and evenly moist, nutrient-rich soil with good drainage. It will readily cross-pollinate with other columbine and self-sow if allowed to go to seed, which is considered an advantage by some gardeners. However, faded flowers should be removed promptly if new plants are not desired. An ideal choice for woodland plantings, mixed borders and rock gardens, its sunny blooms also make excellent cut flowers.

Aquilegia is a genus of about 70 species that exist across northern temperate zones worldwide. Commonly known as columbine, they are beloved for their fanciful, lantern-like flowers, which usually bloom in spring or summer atop slender stems of varying lengths. These hardy perennials typically form clumps of delicate, pale to deep green, lobed leaves which emerge from small, slender, woody rhizomes (underground lateral stems). Columbine species vary widely in size and habit, and may occur in open woodlands, meadows, or alpine areas. Their colorful blooms are attractive to bees, hummingbirds, and many species of butterflies and moths.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Width

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Southwestern United States, Texas, Mexico

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Light Yellow

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Sea Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Sea Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Sea Green, Yellow Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Cutflower, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes